This daily trip kisses the most mythical points of the Israeli tradition. We will start with Menahemia, which was once called the Paris of the Galilee and became a hole in the Jordan Valley. We will talk and observe the important sites related to the peace agreement with the Kingdom of Jordan and the management of the water economy between the two countries. We will visit Kibbutz Kinneret Group and get to know Naomi Shemer's places of inspiration and end up at Kibbutz Maagan in the Paratrooper's House. Translated with Google Translate
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Pandorin family from Russia settled in Menahemia. The land was purchased and sold by PICA. There is not a single Jewish settlement in the entire area. Due to the difficulties, the land is transferred to the management of PIKA. At the end of the 19th century there was a change in the management of the colonies of the Baron. From the first of January 1900 the management passes to the Ikers. Haim Kalbarisky Margaliot manages his eyes in Menahemia and the Sea of Galilee. Surveyors find a narrow strip between the slopes of hills and the Jordan River where Menahemia will stand. Menahemia becomes the first settlement.
Below us we can clearly see the northern part of the Jordan River in the valley. This part of Jordan is preserved without changing the route. In 1900, Ephraim Brewer drew a map. There is not a single Jewish settlement between Jordan and Haifa. Gush Sejra, Kfar Tavor, Yavneel and Menahemia are the first and strongest settlements that determine the eastern border of the settlement and the state on the way.
Menahemia marks 120 years of settlement in the Jordan Valley. Tzemach was a major city inhabited by Horans from the Golan Heights. A plant is the key to Tiberias on a cruise. The area of the Jordan exit from the Sea of Galilee was not passable, there were swamps and it was better to use sea transport. Below us is Tel Ovadia, where the road passes, full of robbers. The locality Sirin above us is an Arab locality and below us a locality of Ovadia. Shmuel Dayan One of the pioneers was ill and they send a pioneer to bring him a doctor from Menahemia. He arrives at work and encounters robbers there. Shot one of them and killed him. The boy was named Moshe Bersky, after whom Shmuel named his son - Moshe Dayan.
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A lookout point is located near a scenic road that ascends to Yavneel. Along the way beautiful birdwatchers. There are footpaths around for example Wadi Jurom with pegs. Translated with Google Translate
As it was once said of Menahemiah: "The place was the Paris of the Galilee and became a hole of the Jordan Valley." What caused the rapid development of the place and its neglect? In the southwestern part of the Sea of Galilee there is a non-transferable area. The place was called the Fortress of Demons. Is a fertile junction of today. This is why many sailed between Tzemach and Tiberias instead of passing along the coast. Menahemia has become a central place south of the plant thanks to its location and economic development. Shlomo Rosenberg, head of the Menahemia settlement, found water and built a water supply system for the settlement. Each of the settlers received a plot of 300 dunams. The first settlers came from Zichron Yaacov. The main crop is tobacco. At the end of each house was a tobacco-drying facility. The original name Malachmiya is derived from there Wadi Malach. When the British Commissioner Herbert Samuel came to visit the settlement they changed the name to Menahemia after the Commissioner's father. Menamia also became a medical center, the doctor's house was built, but the pharmacist served as a doctor. Translated with Google Translate
There were 22 houses in Menahemia. 11 on each side except for two public houses: the doctor's house and the school. The local doctor Max Galit immigrated from Russia in 1911. He became famous thanks to research and the ability to cure the two serious diseases of those days: malaria and rubella. The greatest doctors of the community came to learn from him: Dr. Ticho and Zuckerman from Jerusalem, and even Dr. Mr. Rosh Pina is considered the inventor of a cure for malaria. In the 1920s, gypsum began to be produced in Menahemia. The rupture in the area is rich in the components needed for this industry. Later, the plaster was loaded on the valley train and a plant was transferred to Nesher. But in the 1930s Menahemia begins to fade. The kibbutzim movement surrounds Menahemia on all sides. The Medical Association finds that pharmacist Max Galit does not have a suitable education and does not pass certification exams. Places are filled by Dr. Zuckerman, Max Porsche, who buys a flock of sheep and lives alone until his death in 1961. The British copy the gypsum industry to Nesher. Rothenberg and attracts people.But the great disaster came after the War of Independence.Everything just stopped.
At the doctor's house, house tours are organized in Menahemia. The guide Dubi 0506485120 and Malka from the doctor's house 0522855746, you can also call Nehama from the Council for the Preservation of Sites - 0522813397
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A green reservoir was established and managed by the Jordan Valley Water Association. As part of the peace agreement, the reservoir supplies water to Jordan. The Water Association is a private association of 12 localities. 90 million cubic meters per year. Supply water to the Sirin Plateau to the Lower Galilee to the Valley of the Springs and the entrances to the Golan Heights. Raise water to a height of 620 meters from a level of minus 200. For this purpose, pumps of 3300 volts were installed. This reservoir completely blocks the flow of Yarmuk to the south. Excess water is transferred to the Sea of Galilee. Utilize the water area of the reservoir for photovoltaic cells. What floats on the water. This reduces the evaporation of the water. By the way, the Israel Land Authority charges double tax on both the reservoir and the photovoltaic system. The reservoir uses 7 megabytes of electricity. There is direct use of net counter and method of and rates and method of tenders. In the middle of the reservoir passes through a statutory path and it does not allow to put the photovoltaic cells but can be flooded. In front of us are the mountains of Gilad and right next to the border on the Jordanian side is the town of Abyssinia. It has a large community of Baha'is and Arab residents who fled in 1948. In the siege is written a song by Leah Goldberg written for the children of Afikim. You can listen to the song in the wonderful performance of Arik Einstein and read about the story of the song.
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The high aqueduct opposite was built at the beginning of the settlement. Irrigation was wasteful but efficient. Irrigation by flood method. A round concrete structure is a seed house pool, a gravitational map of flowing water to the Abdullah Canal. Translated with Google Translate
The Dorit outpost has another name. Is the settlement hill. By 1948 it was clear that this strategic point would be important. It was decided to go up the hill and settle down and control the opening of the Yarmouk. To carry out the mission, a Palmach group was organized. About 90 companies from the Jordan Valley settlements were supposed to reinforce the new settlement. But on May 12, 1948, Ben-Gurion canceled the move. To the Suez Canal during the Six Day War for the success of the canal.But the move was not made.Instead they crossed the canal by other means. Translated with Google Translate
Many agricultural fields can be seen from the post. Most of the crops are bananas. Banana growing nets save about 25% of water consumption. Up the Yarmouk you can see the opening of the Harur canal dug in the mountain and continuing to the King Abdullah canal, in the area of Tzipori Junction in the Jordan Valley, water is drawn from it to Amman for drinking water. At the 121st mark on the system road there is a descent to the demilitarized zone. With the approval of the army, you can enter and there is the water distribution point. A valve directs the Yarmouk water here or there. What we deserve drains into a reservoir, what the Jordanians have - into the Abdullah Canal. Translated with Google Translate
For us, who are in a very good state in terms of water, it is hard to believe that Amman is in the greatest water crisis. There is water in Amman once every few days and the water supply from here is very important. Some argue that Israeli control of the water maintains peace with Jordan. Translated with Google Translate
A monument was dedicated to 332 fallen from the Jordan Valley and about half of them fell in place during the battles of the War of Independence. Translated with Google Translate
The original monument was erected on this site on May 11, 1949, the same day as the liberation of Safed. Ahead of the event, Ben-Gurion sent a letter stating that the decisive battle in the Jordan Valley determined the course of the war and the fate of the north. The monument commemorated the 147 cavities. Over the years, the place has become a memorial to the sons of the giant Jordan who fell in the Israeli battles. The rock with the inscription erected in 1957 Translated with Google Translate
The shores of the Sea of Galilee have a great distress of declared public beaches. Plant Beach has undergone many upheavals and is now a public welfare beach. free admission. At the same time the beach lawns are for day stay only. Construction of tents is allowed nearby for a fee. But there is comfort. The beach is a quiet beach and playing music on it is forbidden. Translated with Google Translate
A section of the Sea of Galilee from Tzemach beach to the Jordan estuary is a reserve where many birds nest. A promenade along the coast allows you to watch the birds and enjoy spectacular views all year round. Ashalim that grew during the low tide attract large flocks of cormorants that have been pushed out of fish pond areas north and south of the Sea of Galilee. Translated with Google Translate
Plant was a fishing town. All the houses were built of clay. Only two stone structures were erected in the plant with the construction of the car station. The British built the Taggart police station during the Great Revolt. The police building was captured by our forces with the departure of the British and became a target in the Syrian attack with the outbreak of the War of Independence. Dozens of fighters were killed in their retreat to Degania. Translated with Google Translate
Meat Shrimp is a well-known and respected restaurant among meat lovers. Here, selected portions are served after long and careful smoking. The restaurant is open in the evening and is a hotspot for local residents. The restaurant is kosher. Translated with Google Translate
A kibbutz was established at the top of the hill after many upheavals. This was a group of Lithuanians who immigrated to Israel in the third aliyah and the veterans of the Kinneret group from 1913. Translated with Google Translate
Among the members of the group were members of the Shukstolovsky family. This is the family of Naomi Shemer's parents. The name goes to Fragile. The first three houses built on the hill are the houses in front of us. They were also called the northern house the middle house and the southern house. Naomi Shemer was born in the southern house in the northern part of the second floor. Rebecca Fragile is the mother of Naomi Shemer. Today, Naomi Arieh's son is raising money to build a museum in the southern building. Translated with Google Translate
Hannah and Yona, the fragile grandparents of Naomi Shemer who joined the Kinneret group when they immigrated to Israel, followed their daughters who immigrated earlier and joined the group. Although the life of the group did not particularly suit Hannah and Yona and they left for Haifa. There they started an urban life much more suitable for them. Translated with Google Translate
Hannah and Yona returned to the Kinneret group and the group members approved them to join. Some say that thanks to the large number of their children that made up the core of the group. Yona asked for a plot of land opposite the residential buildings in order to build his own residence on it. Here, at the edge of the orchard he erected this house. Translated with Google Translate
The house had living rooms and a large balcony. There were no scratches and no showers. Yona continued his sewing work. In fact, the establishment of a separate house in a kibbutz is a rare phenomenon that is almost non-existent. Artists have an explanation for it. When Yona and Hannah return from Haifa there is nowhere to stay and give them a path in the orchard and they build a private house but no toilet and shower) but with a balcony. After their death Rebecca inherits but leaves no inheritance and a structure becomes a warehouse. But, she writes what she wants: a house of sounds and songs and private music lessons. 0505655438 Iris Translated with Google Translate
Thus a house becomes a studio for piano studies and also an undeclared museum of Naomi Shemer. It is important to understand that Naomi did not grow up in this house. It was the home of her grandparents. Translated with Google Translate
Kinneret Group is the name of the kibbutz that fully expresses the value of the group that was and remains so important to its members. Meir Sapir, Naomi Shemer's grandfather, as well as Aharon Shidlovsky are a unique group of members of the group. Represent her values and aspirations. Eastern Europeans, they advocate the value of labor. For example, Aaron Shadlovsky was plowing with a doll. Was a top saipan no luxury did not take. His brother owned a jet engine factory in France with a villa in Caesarea. Arrived for burial after his death next to his brother in the Kinneret Group Cemetery. Meir Sapir was treasurer of Aliyah B. When they found his suitcase in which he transferred cash, they found a "I did not take it for myself" pet. Translated with Google Translate
Calling this place a museum is an exaggeration on a museological scale but the place is definitely a rare collection of objects and documents that express the spirit of the period. Translated with Google Translate
Some of the life of the kibbutz. In the caressing rays of the sun, the kibbutz's cats are gathered in front of garbage cans that are filled with every good thing thanks to the sheer activity of nearby shops and factories. A kibbutz with many properties. Among them are factories, a school, guest houses and more. Translated with Google Translate
The Transylvanian nucleus from the Kinneret Yesod courtyard in 1941, Kibbutz Maagan. Kibbutz Maagan was re-established in 1949. The name is symbolic, Maagan means bay. Apparently this name symbolized a quiet bay for the first settlers - Jews from Transylvania who survived the Holocaust. The kibbutz was originally called Maagan Tzemach. Plant - named after the village opposite. Translated with Google Translate
Operations included intelligence gathering and sabotage behind the front lines in Slovakia, Yugoslavia and Hungary in 1944. Among the paratroopers, two women in particular were famous: Hannah Szenes and Haviva Raich. Both were captured, tortured and executed by the Nazis. Of the 32 Jewish paratroopers in British service, 12 were killed. Translated with Google Translate
In the kibbutz area is a monument commemorating the memory of Peretz Goldstein - one of the 12 Jewish paratroopers from Mandatory Palestine who fell during World War II in special operations organized by the British in the rear of Nazi-occupied countries. Although the obelisk has an inscription mentioning an attempt to save the Jews of Hungary. Although the management of the Jewish community tried to present the missions in the British service as an attempt to do something for the victims of the Holocaust. Translated with Google Translate
The paratrooper's house is a structure that commemorates and tells the story of the paratroopers. There is another kibbutz in the country that is related to the fate of the paratroopers. It is Kibbutz Ancho Sirni. He also fell in the line of duty. There was a story about giving the kibbutz a name. The naming committee refused to call the kibbutz by a person's first name. Even Nathan Alterman wrote a song about it. In the end the private individual won over General. A cinema operated there until the early 1990s. Translated with Google Translate
From the paratrooper's house begins a beautiful promenade along the bank of the Sea of Galilee. A tragic story happened at the unveiling ceremony of the monument to their victory in 1954. The ceremony was attended by the prime ministers, Prime Minister Moshe Shertok and the paratroopers of the settlement. Two planes circled over the place and one of them wanted to throw a toll to the crowd, the plane fell into the crowd in a way that killed 17 people. 4 of them were paratroopers returning from Europe. Pilot Uri Galin went to the United States, but eventually returned to Israel and became a doctor and lecturer at the Technion. The story of the disaster and the investigation of its circumstances are not a significant hand. You can read more at the link. Translated with Google Translate
The beginning reaches the territory of one of the most beautiful and prestigious guest houses on the Kinneret sofa is Maagan Eden. Translated with Google Translate