Places to visit

Jerusalem Old City Holy Sepulcher Temple and Wailing Wall


Description: From the Jaffa Gate through the Patriarchate of the Christian Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Golgotha, the stone of anointing, the place of burial and resurrection, St. Helena Chapel - the acquisition of the cross. Further, the route passes through Muristan to the Jewish Quarter, Kardo Street, excavations of the walls of Jerusalem from the time of Jesus, the mosaic of Madaba, the Hurva Synagogue, the Menorah, the panorama of the Olive and Temple Mountains, the Wailing Wall. We return to the Jaffa Gate through the Muslim quarter, the monuments of the Mamluk architecture and the street of David. Translated with Google Translate
Distance
2.6 km
Duration
1h 13 m
Likes
2
Places
55
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Here, in front of the Yafsky Gate of the Old City, there is a view of the citadel with the pointed spire of the minaret - this is the Tower of David (with King David has no connection), the quarter with tiled roofs and the mill is the Micheknot Shaananim quarter - the first quarter of Jerusalem, built in the second half of 19 Go Moshe Montefiore - Lord of His Majesty Queen Victoria and the massive building of the Hotel David - a masterpiece of English colonial architecture - the decoration of the city since the English government. Here the border between western and eastern Jerusalem until 1967. Translated with Google Translate
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The Jaffa Gate is so named because the road from the city of Jaffa came here. This gate, like all the walls of the modern old city, was erected in the 16th century, during the reign of Sultan Suleiman the magnificent. It was the tenth and most famous of all the sultans of the Ottoman Turkish Empire. He died of dysentery in 1566 during the siege of the Szigetvár fortress in Hungary. And he was buried in a mausoleum in Istanbul next to his beloved wife, the legendary Roksolana.   Translated with Google Translate
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Tradition says that the erection of the fortress walls around Jerusalem was helped by the Sultan's prophetic dream in which lions were chasing him, and there was no where to hide. One of the courtiers interpreted this dream as the need to create shelter and protection, and since the lion is the oldest symbol of Jerusalem, it is precisely the construction of the fortress walls around the eternal city. It was here, on the side of the Jaffa Gate, that the entrance to the city was created on the eve of the visit of Turkish Kaiser Wilhelm II to Turkey in 1898 in Turkish Jerusalem. And almost 20 years later, in 1918, English General Allenby entered the city during a magnificent ceremony and the years of English rule began. Just outside the gate, a staircase rises to the left to the fortress wall, there is also a municipal toilet. Translated with Google Translate
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Two graves of the builders of the walls and gates of the city from the time of Sultan Suleiman are visible behind the bars. The legend says that Suleiman wanted the city walls to pass in the same place where the walls of Jerusalem stood at the time of his greatness - the times of the rule of David and Solomon. However, it turned out that this did not happen, and erroneously, the walls of the huge Byzantine church were taken over the southern wall. Almost the entire city of David and part of the city of Solomon remained behind the modern walls of Jerusalem, and the builders were executed and buried at the Jaffa Gate for edification and silent rebuke by future unlucky construction contractors.   Translated with Google Translate
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Versavee
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The Imperial Hotel or as it was originally called the Grand New Hotel was built at the end of the 19th century on the square Umar ibn al Khattab - the Muslim conqueror of Jerusalem. It was a grand hotel, where rich and distinguished people stayed and it was the first hotel in the city, which had running water and electric lighting. However, this was not always the case. Water appeared only 6 years after construction, electricity in 1911, and for the first 3 years the hotel was completely empty. For such a luxury - there was no demand. Only after a visit to the hotel of the German Kaiser Wilhelm II, fame and recognition came to the hotel. That's what celebrities do. Translated with Google Translate
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In the courtyard there is a small restaurant Bathsheba, where you can have a good time. Photographs of the city taken at the end of the 19th century by some mythological photographer whose studio was located in one of the rooms of the hotel complex are hung along the walls. They say that at the ceremony of handing over the keys of the city to the mufti of Jerusalem to the English soldiers in 1918, this photographer was present and captured the event, but Allenby, offended that the city was handed over to some soldiers, and not to him personally, withdrew negatives, appointed a magnificent parade , and no one else talked about the soldiers. In the middle of the courtyard stands a pillar, the inscription on it found during the construction, mentions the tenth Roman legion, which destroyed the city and the temple of Jerusalem almost 2,000 years ago. Translated with Google Translate
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Greek patriarchate
Greek patriarchate
We are in the Christian quarter of the city. There are four blocks in Jerusalem. In addition to the Christian there are still Muslim, Jewish and Armenian quarters. The street of St. George is the historical path along which the various patriarchies of the city are located, and from there go the processions that go to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher for service.   Translated with Google Translate
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One of the most ancient Christian denominations in Jerusalem is the Coptic. It flourished during the reign of Mamluk - about 700 years ago and during the reign of the Turkish Sultan Mohammed Ali in 1830. Since that time, they began to own the surrounding buildings, and in one of them there still exists a “tattoo” family of the Razuk family. Vasim Razuk - a modern specialist, claims to be the 27th generation tattoo artist. His family has been keeping traditions since the 13th century, when the tattoo of a small cross on the wrists opened to many pilgrims, as an entrance ticket, access to holy places. Translated with Google Translate
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Continuing the journey through the Christian Quarter, we again meet with the churches of Coptic orthodoxy. This church is dedicated to St. George. The name "Copts" comes from the distorted Greek Aegipstos (Egypt) and this denomination dates back to the first century and St. Mark, who founded a community in Egypt.   Translated with Google Translate
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We continue to surround the homes of the old city. These places belong to the Copts and even the street is named after the Coptic Street. There is one of the ancient bakeries here, and if you get here in the morning, the smell of fresh bread just fills all the space and leaves no chance to keep from trying the freshest bread. Translated with Google Translate
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Monastery Megali Panagias (Christian Quarter, Jerusalem).
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Here is the monastery of St. Melania the Elder. She lived in the 4th century and came from one of the richest Roman clans. Tragically losing children and a husband, she imbued with the Christian faith and ended up in Egypt and then in Jerusalem. She lived modestly. In a small cave she prayed, holding heavy chains in her hands. It is claimed that its cave was connected by an underground passage with the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Now in the monastery there is a room - Melanie Cave and its prayer chains. Translated with Google Translate
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This is the ode to the main streets of the Old Town. It was built after this part of the city was surrounded by a new fortress wall in the 3rd century AD. when this quarter began to develop. The street is called Christian. Along it, as well as along most of the main streets of the city, are located the famous shops and rows of the Jerusalem city bazaars. Translated with Google Translate
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A small side street of St. Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine, who proclaimed Christianity the state religion of the Byzantine Empire, leads to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Translated with Google Translate
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Before us, in the heart of the Christian quarter, is the mosque of Umar. That very Umar Ibn al Khattab, after whom the square at the Jaffa Gate is named. With his arrival in Jerusalem in 639, the era of Islam began. The most common and big mistake is to connect the Umar mosque with the famous Golden Dome of the Dome over the Rock Mosque, located on the Temple Mount. A Umar mosque is located here for what reason. Sophrony - the patriarch of Jerusalem, wanting not to expose the city to destruction, capitulated to Muslims after a four-month siege. Umar, the Caliph of Muslims, was invited by Sophrony to the most important shrine of Christians - the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, but Umar did not pray in the temple, but ordered to build a mosque for Muslims to pray next. The minaret of the mosque, as usual, was built above the dome and bell tower of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Thus, in the very center of the Christian quarter, a mosque of the third Islamic Khalifa appeared. Translated with Google Translate
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The square in front of the entrance to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher is part of the temple complex, rebuilt by the Crusaders, and, virtually unchanged, has come down to our days from the 13th century. To the right of the entrance stands a lonely chapel with a marble fragment of the cladding. This is the Chapel of Exposure - the place where Jesus was taken off his clothes before being nailed to the cross. The gate is two high pointed arches in the left of which are wooden doors leading to the temple. On the second tier above the arches is a wooden staircase - a symbol of the status quo, established between six denominations leading the service in the temple. To the left of the entrance gate rises the bell tower. She was taller at the time of the Crusaders. On it, the bells cast in the 19th century at the Samghin factories in Moscow. Translated with Google Translate
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The upper part of the bell tower that collapsed in the Middle Ages led to damage to the columns and architectural fragments at the entrance to the temple. One such damage is a crack in a marble column to the left of the entrance. The tradition prescribes the miracle of the phenomenon of the grace-filled fire to this crack, when one of the denominations tried to take this right away from another denomination and closed in the temple - where the grace of the Holy Fire usually takes place at Easter. There are usually quarrels between the Greek and Armenian churches. By the way, the famous wooden staircase, which has already been mentioned, rests on a cornice belonging to the Greek church, and is leaning against the windows of the Armenian parish. Translated with Google Translate
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Ascent to Calvary
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Immediately at the entrance to the temple on the right, the staircase to the calvary rises. And in the wooden doors you can see locked round and square windows. They allow the monks of the temple to hand over the keys to the Muslim family, who owns the right to keep the keys to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher by decision of Saladin, who conquered Jerusalem from the Crusaders in 1187. The temple is locked daily in the evening and the keys are handed over to the Arab family, and every morning the temple is unlocked again. Translated with Google Translate
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Descent from Calvary and the Stone of Unction
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This is a stone on which, according to tradition, the body of Jesus was laid. Here the body was washed, perfumed and perfumed and wrapped in a shroud. Then the body was brought into the cave and covered with a large stone. Such a tradition of burial was widespread at that time. The bodies of the dead were brought into the caves, which were covered with massive stones to prevent wild animals from accessing the corpse. Since the bodies were not buried, because there was no land for this, it was necessary to use numerous incenses, including incense, which they smoked in the burial caves. All this was aimed at avoiding unpleasant smells emanating from similar necropolises located outside the city. Today, many believers believe that the stone exudes myrrh oil - one of the incense that was used in the burial. On this stone, it is customary to light various objects. Translated with Google Translate
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Cuvuclia
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On this place there was a cave in which the body of Jesus was carried. These events took place on Friday. Apparently due to the fact that Saturday came, they did not have time to prepare the cave properly, or there was a need to return and complete the burial ceremony. The nearest day when it was possible to do this was the first day following Saturday. That day they came to the cave and, according to the tradition of one of the Gospels, they saw an angel saying: “What are you looking for alive among the dead”. Jesus is risen. So, in the Christian world, the first day after the Sabbath is called Sunday. All these places were discovered by Saint Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine. Even in the times of Helen and Constantine, a central-temple church of approximately the same size as the one we see today was built above the cave. Over time, after various destruction and restoration, the Crusaders decided to create a small chapel at the cave site called Cuvuclia. Translated with Google Translate
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Coptic part
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Different denominations of the temple refers to the Cuvuclia in different ways. All unanimous that Cuvuclia is located on the site of a real burial cave and Sunday. The Greek and Armenian churches conduct services inside, the Catholics inside the Edicule do not enter, the Copts have their own branch from the opposite side of the main entrance. It shows the basement stone at the base of the structure, the Copts say that this place is closest to where Jesus’s head was reclining. Translated with Google Translate
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Angel coming
Angel coming
This is not a large room located in front of Cuvuclia. There is a small altar on it, on which a candle burns. This is the very same candle that ignites once a year when the Holy Fire descends on the temple of the feast of the Passover. And the arrival of an angel is called this place because it is here that before the entrance to the cave people heard the words that you are looking for the living among the dead. Translated with Google Translate
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Kuvukliya plate Sunday
Kuvukliya plate Sunday
In the inner room of the Edicule, on the right side there is a plate symbolizing the place where Jesus’s body was laid and where he was resurrected. Translated with Google Translate
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Church of the Holy Sepulcher Catholic limit
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In the Catholic part there is an organ, and on the altar is depicted Jesus and Mary Magdalene, and also underlines the tradition that Mary Magdalene recognized in the image of the resurrected Jesus Christ. High wooden doors lead to the inner room, where the museum of the history of the Catholic Church in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher is located. On massive doors there is a carving for a subtree with crossed keys. This is the symbol of the keys to the kingdom of heaven which, according to legend, was transferred to Peter by Jesus. They are inherited by the Pope at the place where Peter was crucified in Rome. Keys are symbolic. Translated with Google Translate
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Limit of st. Longin centurion
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Guy Cassius Longin is a Roman centurion who participated in the execution of Jesus. Longin pierced the body of Jesus with a spear under the rib. This element was important in the Roman execution because the physiology of death on the cross is associated with pulmonary edema. Subsequently, when Jesus died, Longinus, like other Roman soldiers, became convinced that the son of God was before them. He refused to bear witness that the disciples had stolen Jesus’s body from the burial cave. Longin went to Cappadocia to preach the Christian faith. According to legend, Pontius Pilate sent for Longin and other preachers and demanded to bring him the severed heads of these people. When the order of Pilate was executed, he threw the head of Longin. She was found by a blind woman and received her sight. Tradition says that these events occurred precisely here for this reason, here lies the parish of Saint Longin. Translated with Google Translate
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Reach Section Limit
Reach Section Limit
The legend says that in the Roman army there was a tradition to divide the clothes of the crucified by soldiers. The clothes of Jesus were one-woven, that is, there were no seams in it. Then the warriors decided to cast lots, which of them would get the full clothes of Jesus. This parish mentions these events. Translated with Google Translate
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Descent to the church of sv. Helen
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Descent to the church of St. Helena, like the church itself, was built by the Crusaders. Then when they build a modern church of the Holy Sepulcher and search for the destroyed parts of the eastern end of the Byzantine temple complex. The walls of this descent are literally dotted with a huge number of carved crosses, large and small. This is a reminder of crusader wars, knights and pilgrims who wanted to capture their presence in holy places. Translated with Google Translate
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Church of sv. Helen
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The church of St. Helena today belongs to the Armenian church. The Armenians purchased this place according to one of the versions from the Copts, according to another of the versions from the Georgian church. Be that as it may, the church was built by the crusaders. In the place where the Byzantine Basilica once was present. Nothing remained of the Byzantine temple at the eastern end of the complex. This is caused by the greatest destruction of the temple by the Arab ruler El Hakim, after which the Crusades began. The Byzantine basilica, based on more ancient Roman buildings from here, leads from this church to an ancient reservoir of water, in which St. Helen found the cross on which Jesus was crucified. Since today we are talking about the Armenian church, the mosaic on the floor tells the story of the adoption of Christianity by Armenians and tells about the most important churches and holy places in Armenia. Translated with Google Translate
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Chapel gaining of sv. Cross
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Get accustomed to the rock that surrounds you and rises above your head. You can easily see that this is not just a cave, but a cave formed during the cutting of stones. Jerusalem was built of stone. Often, the stone was literally carved into the rock itself, and the resulting voids were used to fill with winter water, and at other times of the year they could serve as wells. If you look closely at the roof of this stone vault, you will see that an arched vault with several holes is attached to the rock. This is the upper part of the stone reservoir. Through the square window openings it was possible to draw water. Tradition says that it was here that St. Helen discovered the cross on which Jesus was crucified. This cross, like many other objects associated with the death and resurrection of Jesus, carried miraculous power. Therefore, this cross is called the Life-Giving. It is this cross that the Crusaders take with them to the famous battle against Saladin in the north of the country not far from the place called rage Khotin. This battle was lost by the crusaders. The cross is lost forever. Translated with Google Translate
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On the square in front of the entrance to the temple there are several interesting places. One of them is the place where, according to legend, traces of a certain woman named Maria were imprinted. She lived in Egypt in the fifth century. Was a harlot. And when I heard that they were going to Jerusalem for the feast of the Exaltation of the Cross in the temple of the Holy Sepulcher, I went with them. But not to believe and pray, but to indulge in debauchery. And she could not go to the temple. Did not go beyond the place where her feet were imprinted. Then Mary received her sight, repenting, and went into the wilderness where she spent the last years of her life in a vow, humility and faith. So went down in history as Mary of Egypt and became holy. Translated with Google Translate
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The Protestant Church of the Holy Savior in Jerusalem was built at the end of the 19th century. Its discovery and consecration was timed to the visit of the German Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1898. During the construction of the church and later, in the seventies during the renovation, the walls of ancient Jerusalem were discovered. The fortress wall of the city was opened, which indicates that the crucifixion of Jesus and Golgotha ​​were located outside the chapels. Today, the church is the main parish church for the Protestant communities of the old city. The church is an interesting archaeological museum, and rising to the observation platform on the bell tower, you can enjoy a wonderful view of the old city and its surroundings. The rise on the observation platform is paid. Ever since the days of the Crusaders, it was clear that these places are equal, as well as the territory of the Russian Compound, in front of them contain the remains of the ancient complex of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher of Ascendant to the Byzantine period. A serious backstage struggle for the right to own these lands took place between the German Kaiser and the Russian emperor. The Turkish authorities ordered it in their own way and managed to sell the land to both the Germans and the Russians. Now there are two churches and two farmsteads, in the territory of each of them there are archaeological monuments. Translated with Google Translate
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In the Middle Ages, on this place were the halls of the Order of the Hospitallers. The name of the order comes from the word hospital. In his charge was the question of taking place and to a large extent helping the various pilgrims. The patron saint of the order was John the Baptist. The name of the order is also known as the Order of St. John. After the expulsion of the Crusaders from the holy land, the descendants of the Order of the Hospitallers settled in Malta. From here comes the Maltese cross, which can be seen on a pedestal telling about the attempt to revive the order in the late 19th century. Here in Jerusalem was created the Order of St. John. He was patronized by the English Queen Victoria. The Order of the Hospitallers, or rather, the renewed Order of St. John, created the largest ophthalmological clinic in the entire Middle East. For her, new buildings were built on the Hebron Droge outside the old city. But after the war of 1948, when the city was divided, the hospital and order moved here. Translated with Google Translate
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The passage through the arch leads us to one of the main streets of the old city. Today it is called the street of King David. Here the Christian quarter ends. Shopping streets on the main streets of the city appeared in Muslim times. Before the arrival of Muslims, these streets were much wider. Created by stalls divided the street into parallel small lanes closed by arched vaults. This image of the main streets of the city keeps old Jerusalem and sow the day. Translated with Google Translate
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Here, inside the arched vaults of the shopping arcades, there is the intersection of the street of David and the main street of Jerusalem of the Roman rule, Cardo street. The main thing is not to miss this little turn to the right. A good reference point can serve as a plate, located at the top, almost under the very arch. It says: Cardo. Translated with Google Translate
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Arta Nova art gallery
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We are entering the Jewish quarter of Jerusalem. It was a part of the city where Jews always lived no matter who ruled Jerusalem after the Romans destroyed the Temple, the city itself, forbade Jews to be Jews and forbade them to live in the city. Emperor Adrian even made him a Roman city and called Elijah Capitolina. But over the course of 2,000, the Jews settled stubbornly in Jerusalem, survived Muslim conquests and crusades, prayed in the synagogues and maintained faith in the revival of Jerusalem and Zion. Translated with Google Translate
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After the war for the independence of Israel in 1948, the entire old city of Jerusalem was ruled by Jordan, it was captured. The Jewish quarter has ceased to exist. Sn 2000 years of history of the city, the Jews could not go to the wall of weeping. Only the six-day war in 1967, Jerusalem was returned and became the capital of the State of Israel. The Jewish quarter was practically destroyed gradually. This was the only opportunity to carry out excavations in a residential city. Thus, buildings, walls and towers of the city of Jerusalem from the time of the second temple were discovered. What we see here at the very bottom is the fortress wall of the city of Jerusalem. Over it lay over the later epochs. The base of the column refers to Roman time, and the water tank leaving the depth of the cistern was dug even later. Translated with Google Translate
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This picturesque little street with cozy shops, where Judaic objects are displayed, is a trade row of one of several arched bazaars built by Muslims. Even Byzantine Street, which was held in this place, was also shopping street and inherited the Roman street, which had a name similar to other similar streets in different cities and villages of the Roman Empire - Cardo. Cardo comes from cardinus - an axis or an axial street. These, usually, wide trade and transport streets crossed decumanus at right angles to the streets. With the development of trade in Arabic time, such a wide street as a cardo was divided into parallel trading rows by arched vaults in one of which we are. Translated with Google Translate
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Cardo
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After the six-day war, the Jewish quarter was well studied and restored, and the archaeological excavations made it possible to better understand and partially recreate the appearance of the ancient city. The ancient Cardo street has been restored in this place. Columns, dervyannye beams and stone arches are real fragments of the ancient appearance of the street, and the picture on the wall allows you to see the continuation of the street, going north, and imagine the prospect of Cardo street. The picture depicts people whose clothes, we can assume their origin and type of activity. For example, on the left is a Roman in blue toga (he without a beard is a Roman habit). And in the middle is a Jew on a donkey, coming from the north, apparently from Galilee. He has a big beard, his luggage is rich in garnets and olive oil. In the foreground is a pilgrim with two daughters, one in Greek Roman, the other in Jewish dress. One of the girls gives an apple to a modernly dressed little boy with a backpack and in a casket. So the artist showed the continuity of generations. And on top of the frame a bird is depicted - Hoopoe - this is the symbol of Jerusalem. Translated with Google Translate
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Mosaic of Madaba
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Not only the excavations of Jerusalem, but also other archaeological finds of the region allowed to recreate the appearance of the ancient city. Before us is a fragment of a mosaic found in the city of Madaba on the territory of modern Jordan. Unmistakably Greek reads Agiapolis Jerusalem. This is a mosaic of the holy city of Jerusalem of the 5th century AD. made by Christian craftsmen. The map has very naturalistic red tiled roofs. Churches and bell towers and in the middle The dome of the Temple of the Holy Sepulcher. Two central streets pass from left to right through the entire city - one in the upper city and the other in the lower. This is the street cardo. And the direction of the map to the east. Unlike the current maps, where north is at the top, in those ancient times there was no compass and were oriented towards the east - from where the sun rises, therefore at the top of the map is east. And, by the way, the east is orient from here and the word originates. Translated with Google Translate
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This is the open part of the cardo. It clearly shows how much the cultural layer has risen in more than 15 centuries. But it would be a mistake to think that this is only a layer of debris and cultural layers. Usually, major destruction during a seizure or earthquake significantly “raises” the level of the cultural layer. All because it is easier to build on the ruins than to disassemble them first, and then build them "from scratch." Translated with Google Translate
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The synagogue with the strange name “synagogue ruin” was until 1948 the largest and most important synagogue of old Jerusalem for the Ashkenazic community of the city. Its construction began in the 18th century, but due to lack of funds. Masons destroyed it in retaliation for not paying debts. It stood in ruins until the mid-19th century, until it was rebuilt. It was this long period of stay in the ruins that gave the synagogue its name. It is noteworthy that no more than a few decades the synagogue stood until its second complete destruction by the Jordanian Legion. Only in 2010, after a long restoration, the synagogue reopened its doors. Excursions take place in the synagogue and you can climb to the circular balcony that runs along the outside of the dome, offering wonderful views of the old city and its surroundings. Translated with Google Translate
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Jewish Quarter
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The menorah was once installed in the Old City of Jerusalem opposite the Temple Mount. Today, the place of her stay on the square near the Hurva synagogue. There are several versions and traditions regarding how the Temple Menorah looked. One of the images can be found on the triumphal arch of Emperor Titus in Rome. Titus suppressed the Jewish rebellion against the Romans and destroyed the Temple of Jerusalem. These events have gone down in history called the Jewish War. The trophies exported to Rome and presented at the Roman Forum were the Menorah. The menorah is the oldest symbol of the Jewish people. In it, daily servants in the temple lit a candle, and, on the eve of the Sabbath, all seven candles were burning in Menorare. Thus, with the fire of the Menorah, the most important life cycle was designated, without which today's world would be unthinkable — a weekly cycle. Another, different from the "Roman" image of the Menorah was discovered during the excavations of the Herodian quarter. It can be seen in the Museum of Israel, and a copy is exhibited in the museum of the excavations of the Herodian quarter literally against at Karaimskaya Street. The menorah, which is before us, was created by a sculptor and jeweler, Haim Oded, who was born in Berdichev and who grew up in Tbilisi. It was installed on the initiative of the Ukrainian businessman Vadim Rabinovich. Translated with Google Translate
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Moriah books & Judaica
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This is where the stairways begin, descending from Mount Zion to the valley in front of the Temple Mount. In this lowland, the Cardo street of the lower city passed. And in the time of the Romans, the lowland was called Teropion - the gorge where the cheeses were made. The upper city, Mount Zion, was enclosed by a wall in front of the Babylonian captivity and the destruction of the First Jerusalem Temple. These events happened almost 27 centuries ago. Nevertheless, the topography of the city has not changed, and as two mountains stood in ancient Jerusalem - Zion and Temple Mount, they stand to this day. And we will go down and see another mountain of Jerusalem - the Olive or Olive. Translated with Google Translate
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Behind the southern extremity of the high and massive wall, which is the southern supporting wall of the Temple Mount, in the distance, one can see the towering mountain and the graves along its grave. This is an olive mountain. It is the only one divided between the city and the desert. From there, according to tradition, the Messiah will come to the city of Jerusalem. And when the Messiah comes, all will stand before him and be resurrected in order to answer for their deeds. So, the first in the process will be those who are buried first on the road - on the Mount of Olives. This is a joke and the truth, it all depends on the angle from which to perceive these things. Well, the fact that the cemetery on the Mount of Olives is one of the oldest in the world and is still in force today remains unchanged. Yes, this cemetery is 3000 years old and is still buried there. Translated with Google Translate
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Gateway to the Wailing Wall
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The exit gate to the Wailing Wall is a protected point and you need to go through the metal detector and put your bags on the tape and everything that can cause a sound warning in the metal detector bracket. Maybe this is the only place during our walk through the old town, which somehow reminds us that security is given special importance and attention. However, if you did not notice the guards or the police on the streets of the old city, this does not mean that everything is calm by itself - just to maintain this calm and security, various methods and systems are used, which are not always visible to the ordinary guest of the city. Translated with Google Translate
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Western wall
Western wall
Immediately after the entrance there is a low wall where in three languages ​​it briefly tells the story of the Wailing Wall, and in a prominent place the words from the Bible are written in Hebrew: Ask peace for Jerusalem. Translated with Google Translate
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The Wailing Wall, or, as it would be more correct to say, the Western Wall of the four walls surrounding the Temple Mount, was part of a grandiose complex, the construction of which began during the reign of King Herod the Great and, in fact, was never completed. In Jerusalem, on the Temple Mount - the one that, roughly speaking, is behind the stones of the Wailing Wall, was the First and Second Temple of Jerusalem. Judaism does not imply the holiness of any specific place, the whole universe is holy - the creation of the Creator. At the same time, the Jerusalem Temple was the only place of prayer and service of the whole people, where the concept of cult, national community and spiritual purity was concentrated. The first Temple of Jerusalem was built by King Solomon in the 10th century BC. ne After the destruction of the First Temple by Nebuchadnezzar in the 6th century BC, the Jews, returning from the Babylonian captivity, erected the Second Temple of Jerusalem, which existed until the 70th year of the first century AD. when was destroyed by the Romans. Translated with Google Translate
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Approximately 80 years before the destruction of the Temple by Roman troops under the command of the future emperor of the Roman Empire - Titus, King Herod the Great erected retaining walls around the temple mountain, expanding and leveling the area around the Temple and creating an architectural complex of unprecedented scale and beauty. These walls stand before us to this day. The section of the western wall has been a place of prayer since the 2nd century AD. and continues to be so to this day. Translated with Google Translate
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Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Women and men approach the crying wall separately, respectively, to the female and male parts. Separation exists because they go to contact themselves and the creator, and a handsome man or a beautiful girl nearby can divert attention, and it is better that this does not happen. On the way to the male part there is a small basket with small hats that a man needs to put on his head. These hats are called in Russian Yermolks, but today the words of Kip are used more often - the Hebrew word without translation. Name - Wailing Wall ambiguous. The first and second temples were destroyed on the same day of the calendar - 9 Av. This is the day of mourning, in which near the Western Wall mourn the destruction of the temple. This tradition has led to the fact that in many languages, the Western Wall has been called the Wailing Wall. Translated with Google Translate
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The tradition of leaving notes in the gaps between the stones of the wall, goes back to the Jewish sage Rabbi Haim Ben Atar, who commanded his disciple to do so, who soon descended to grace. It is said that the act of writing a note forms a person’s faith and hope, which materializes due to the collective energy of good, faith and love that can work wonders. Translated with Google Translate
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Millions of people from all over the world come to Jerusalem every year to see the Wailing Wall and write a note or simply ask the Almighty for well-being and prosperity. Translated with Google Translate
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Reverse climb from the Western Wall or the central gorge to the Mount of Zion is also connected with the stair portal and security services, there is no need for an exit check. Translated with Google Translate
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Yeshivat Netiv Aryeh
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
The street will lead us up the stairs to the central street of Jerusalem, which completely repeats the direction of the street in the ancient city. This street did not just cross the city from the Temple Mount to the Yafsky Gate, or the then Palace of Herod the Great, but also passed along a stone bridge thrown over the central gorge from Zion Mountain to the Temple Gorge. This bridge has not gone anywhere, it still stands today, only more buildings and structures appeared on it. Translated with Google Translate
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Street Shalsellet
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Up the street - exit to the Jaffa Gate - down the entrance to the Temple Mount exactly along the bridge, as it once was. These places are located in the Muslim quarter of the city. And right in front of us is a very interesting fragment of the Mamluk architecture - it is a decoration of a niche in the form of stalactites. In principle, this acquaintance with the city ends. We have traveled a short but rich path, and Jerusalem only slightly opened its secrets to us. But, around you there are more routes and they will be able to show you more. In the meantime, let's go to the Yafsky Gate - it is not difficult. Translated with Google Translate
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We again went to the crossroads of King David and Cardo. From here there is a direct way up to the Yafsky Gate, but along the way you need to go around a small shopping mall. Stick to the navigator. Translated with Google Translate
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Crossroads of King David and Cardo Street.
Crossroads of King David and Cardo Street.
We again went to the crossroads of King David and Cardo. From here there is a direct way up to the Yafsky Gate, but along the way you need to go around a small shopping mall. Stick to the navigator. Translated with Google Translate
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