Once, alone, rock stood in this place, not far from the walls of Jerusalem. It was named Golgotha - from the word skull. The origin of the name is unknown. Some believe that in its shape, the rock was similar to a skull. And some believe that the skull of the first man rested beneath it. On this rock stood the cross on which Jesus died in agony. In the New Testament in the Gospel of Matthew, the events are described as follows: and having reached a place called Golgotha, which means: the place of execution, they let him drink vinegar mixed with bile; And after tasting, he did not want to drink. Those who crucified him divided his clothes by a lot; And while sitting, they would watch him; And they set up over his head an inscription indicating his guilt: This is Jesus, the King of the Jews. Then two robbers were crucified with him: one on the right and the other on the left. Take a good look at the cross. Above the head of Jesus can be seen a plaque with the initial letters of four words written on it: Jesus from Nazareth, King of the Jews. Below the cross is a small altar, and below it is a hole that symbolizes where the cross stood.