Extremely recommend spending two hours in Vienna with guide Tom. He tells the stories of the city and its history in the short, interesting and elegant way. The trip starts from Stephan Platz, passes through the streets of Graben, the Jewish quarter, Am Hof and ends at Ferstel Palace and the Mekler cellar.
The Church and the cathedral, what is the difference? The difference between them is that a cathedral is the church where the bishop is. The church was built in stages over hundreds of years. Every beat was made when there was money. Therefore, it looks like an architectural collection from different periods.
The south tower was once the tallest in Europe. The tower became low quite quickly because new ones were built and every large church competed with another with the height of its towers. Austrians tried to restore the former glory, but they did not have enough money, so they finished the construction of the northern tower with a small dome.
230.000 tiles make up the beautiful mosaic of the church roof. Vienna is seen as a historical city where many ancient buildings have been well preserved. But everything is restored after the Second World War.
The street lighting in Vienna for Christmas is gorgeous. But the markets open after November 19th. Therefore, in the meantime, the beauty is not yet seen in all its glory. It is not easy to imagine today, but the population of the Austro-Hungarian Empire was 45 million people. Today population of Austria is 9 million. Graben Street is the city's main pedestrian street, and its name means "moat. It was the Moat of Vienna when Vienna was a Roman camp. This store used to be a Jewish store. The Braun family owned prestigious clothing stores in Vienna. They had branches in Prague, Berlin and Carlsbad. They sewed clothes on the spot. In World War II, the family left Vienna and passed the property to the church in the hope that they would return. After the war they returned but decided to sell on the condition that the purpose of the store and its design would not change.
Altman and Kona (Cohen) is also a Jewish store. It is the most prestigious chocolate Shop. The same thing happened here as with Levi Vuitton. They commissioned a well-known designer in Vienna at the end of the 19th century. Josef Hoffmann designed the packaging. Packaging is more valuable than chocolate! Since then, it has been the most prestigious gift.
The monument is relevant today. Every 100 years there is a plague in Europe. How would the plague be defeated before the age of modern medicine? The ruler would fall on his knees and ask God to save the city. This is what you see on the statue. The ruler also promised God that he would build a tribute pillar. The Habsburg family had a birth defect: the lower jaw of babies was very heavy. This is how the ruler was sculpted on the column.
This place is the central junction. From here a street goes down to the Winter Palace and also goes up to the north. At the intersection is a famous Julius Meinel store. You may buy sweets and chocolate there.
The Black Camel Restaurant is one of the most prestigious restaurants in the Old Town of Vienna. Its history dates back to the 17th century, when camels, deserts, exotic countries and distant worlds were the stuff of legends for Europeans. The restaurant was established by Kamelius, who returned to Vienna from his trip to the Spanish Philippines. At first, gourmet dishes of delicate flavours were served here, but, after succumbing to the subtle taste of the Austrians, the place became a centre for alcoholic drinks. The new fashion for good food and quality drinks, which conquered Vienna at the height of the bourgeois revolution in the second half of the 19th century, pushed the Black Camel to look for new tastes, and thus the place became a gourmet restaurant again.
One of the best bars in Vienna. Influenced by the founder's son David, the Campari brand became what it is today: synonymous with bitter taste, artistic aesthetics and la dolce vita. 1860 David Gasper's father invented the liqueur "amens bitter all'uso d'Olanda" in his small liquor store in Piedmont west of Milan, which was characterized by its unmistakable bitter taste. Soon it was the favorite drink of the Italians and Austrians who ruled this part of Italy at the time. The name of the bar will not let you go wrong: here Vienna and the art of the "beautiful life" of Italy meet.
This is the east side of Am Hof Church. The Carmelite monastery established it in the 14th century. Among the conterforces were street shops that have been preserved to this day. Above the balcony of the front of the church facing Am Hof Square, the King of Austria chanted about the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire after the Napoleonic Wars.
This street is well preserved from the 17th century. It was called the White Brothers Street which reminds of the nearby church built by the Carmelite Monastery. After that the street was called the Jews' Street because it led to the Jewish Quarter. The current name is derived from the tax collectors who lived here after the expulsion of the Jews.
Three Jewish communities were eliminated and expelled from Vienna. Vienna is called the city of blood in Jewish culture. The Jews' Square was here from the 11th century.
Rachel Windrin, the monument designer, faced a big problem during its construction. she found the remains of the first medieval synagogue in the excavations. Underneath the monument, she considered building a temple museum at a depth of 7 meters. Two hundred thousand Jews lived in Austria on the eve of the war, most of whom were deported to other countries. Sixty-five thousand were murdered. Memorial Address is written in three languages. The Hebrew inscription is different, saying "Yimach their name".
Am Hof is Vienna's largest and most important square of all time. It is the main Christmas market square.
This drink is a spiced and sweetened wine. It warms in winter, especially when you are on the street. Pour the wine into a cup and pay a deposit for the cup. The wine itself is not expensive. Many prefer to take the cup, and thus the seller receives the deposit.
And here is the methadone:
A bottle of red wine.
A quarter cup of brandy.
Orange juice and grated peel from one orange.
A quarter of a teaspoon of black pepper.
One vanilla stick or a teaspoon of quality vanilla extract.
Half a teaspoon of ground nutmeg.
Four cinnamon sticks.
Four cardamom pods.
Half a cup of sugar.
1.5 cups of water.
A monument belongs to the modern period. It cites the computer as a threat to humanity. After all, Kasparov loses to the computer. But there is an ancient Chinese tangent playing Go. They thought that there a human being would not lose to a computer. Deep Mind, a company acquired by Google, developed a software that was able to beat humans in the Go game. It defeated the world champion and he committed suicide. The statue is a reminder and a warning.
The store itself is not Jewish. But the Heller family had the largest candy factory in Austria. They ran away from the Nazis. Before they left, they took the candy making book with them. One of the descendants of the family came to the store several years ago and gave the book to the Austrian owners of the store to give it a new life. The Austrian owners of the store were very grateful and even displayed copies of the book in the shop window.
One of the most beautiful squares in the city. It’s name is derived from the name of the church located here. It is the old church of Vienna.
In the past, the strict life of the people did not allow kissing in the street. It was unacceptable. That's why lovers hid in the alleys. Here is the kiss lane. The passes under this gate is supposed to kiss and marry.
As is the name of the church, so is the name of the houses belonging to it in the nearby alley. By the way, Archangel Michael is the patron of the city of Vienna.
The noble horses. In the morning, the traffic is stopped and the horses are taken across the road to the riding school. They are not born white but black, but over time pigmentation changes so much that they become snow white. Specialist train them with the sounds of music. These horses go on annual leave in July and August and have good life.
The Red Army liberated Vienna from the Nazis. The soldiers went street by street and checked to see if there were any snipers or traps. On the corner of the houses they left an inscription: "Provereno", meaning: checked out. This is the only plaque Austrians have kept since then.
The Winter Palace is quite deceiving. It is common to think that a palace was built as one piece, but in reality it was built and developed over hundreds of years. The baptismal chapel is the oldest. It is the best preserved intimate chapel of the rulers of Austria. Immediate baptism saves the baby because if he passes to the next world at a young age his place is guaranteed in heaven.
Treasury of the Austrian Republic in Vienna. Its highlight is the impressive Austrian crown well known in the world. Hitler steals the treasures. The Allies knew that it was necessary to return the treasures of the conquered countries to their true owners. But it was forbidden to let ordinary soldiers handle the matter. That is why a special unit consisting of art specialists was established. There was a Hollywood movie about the monument men (treasure hunters) they searched for and brought back the treasures.
Here the building rules of the classical Baroque period are clearly visible. For example, the servants got the raised floor with the small windows. (because there were no elevators and the servants do not need large windows). The floor with large windows, the "beautiful floor" is for the resident of the rulers. Usually, it is the third floor.
Sissy is the empress and her fate is similar to the story of Princess Diana. She was the big star. Her older sister was supposed to marry a prince but he falls in love with her younger sister. Sissy all his life tries to escape from the role in of imperator’s wife and the palace. She traveled a lot. Bat at the age of 63 she was murdered by an assassin.
Office of the President of Austria. Marie Antoinette, wife of the King of France, was born and raised here. Translated with Google Translate
PMO. Above flies the flag of the European Union and the flag of the state, but during the "Wall Guard" operation, Prime Minister decided to also raise the Israeli flag as a sign of solidarity.
Cafe Central is the Vienna's legendary cafe. There were many intellectuals here.
Vienna's coffee culture is protected by UNESCO. This cafe is a sort of unofficial museum. The place stopped in time. One of the important things about Viennese cafes were the newspapers. Newspapers are still here. This was the way to become an intellectual. For a cup of coffee you could read all the newspapers.
There are two types of coffee in Vienna. One is a kind of cappuccino but water based. The second is a coffee of couchmen. It is called Ein Schaffner - One Rein.
It designed for couchmens to be able to pull the reins with one hand and hold the coffee with the other without spilling, they would cover the coffee with a thick layer of whipped cream.
This magnificent passage is part of a building named Frestel Palace. Unlike nearby palaces, this palace does not belong to the nobility, but its beauty gave it the title of palace. Frestel is the name of the architect who built it. By the way, he was a talented student of the person who built the opera in Vienna.
In a wall painting next to the address you can see what the monastery that stood in this place looked like. From the tower of the monastery, observations were made on the movement of the Turkish forces besieging Vienna. It was one of the highest places in the city. A hospital for soldiers was opened in the basements of the monastery. Today there is a restaurant here.
The complex of buildings in this place is known since the 15th century. It was then the territory of the monastery. The father of the Melker family received special permission to bring seventy barrels of wine to the monastery cellars. The cellars were used as wine cellars and over time became one of the well-known restaurant cellars in Vienna. Translated with Google Translate