Ein Rafa is an Arab village located near Road No. 1 on the way to Jerusalem. The village's name is derived from the name of the spring, "Ein Rafa". The spring story is linked to the name of a French priest named "Rafa". According to local legend, the priest told the villagers to dig at a certain point where he promised they would find a spring. The residents did as he said and found the spring, which has since been called "Ein Rafa". The village is an "extension" of the nearby village of Soba. Three brothers from Soba founded Ein Rafa after the First World War. In 1948, the residents of Soba left the village and dispersed to nearby towns in East Jerusalem. After the Six-Day War, they received permission to reunite families and returned to Ein Refa.