Places to visit in Berlin

Hello, Berlin - A familiar tour


Description: A short two-hour tour of the city will lead us through known squares and beauty to the famous museum island, towards the ancient palaces, enter the heart of the oppressive city and find out the source of the name Berlin and conclude with a number of unique stories including the story of Wolifrid Israel and the connection between Berlin and Kibbutz Hazorea Alexander is named after the Russian narrow Translated with Google Translate
Distance
3.39 km
Duration
2h 18 m
Likes
452
Places
30
1
Hilton Berlin
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
We will start the trip in the southern part of Gendarmerie Square opposite the Hilton. Berlin is a unique city in the European landscape. The reasons for this are in the history of the city in the 20th century. Berlin today is a city composed of two cities that developed in parallel as a result of the Berlin dispute through a wall in 1961. And various parts of control that existed in the city until 1994. These are areas of control of the Soviet Union in the eastern part of the city and the areas of control of the United States, England and France in the western part Of the city until 1972. Translated with Google Translate
2
Neue Kirche
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
At least 90% of the historic city was completely destroyed by the bombing of World War II. A prolonged division of the city meant that almost every central structure that existed was replicated in the second part of the city. Today, after the unification of the city, Berlin is in a tremendous building momentum and there is no place to see it as a crane. Berlin is still cheap in terms of real estate and yet becomes a very attractive European capital. Translated with Google Translate
3
Gendarmenmarkt
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
This square is the main square of the city and perhaps one of the most beautiful in Berlin. It was established by order of Frederick the Great. He wanted to change the structure of the square and the churches of the French Huguenot communities, but they did not agree, and Frederick was ordered to build a central building that would architecturally reject the churches to the edge of the square. At first the square was named the Gendarmerie Square - the source of the name is French. Then the name was changed to Schiller square after the German national poet. The square was also called Lindenmarkt - the linden or Linden market - a tree that is very common in Berlin and was planted here for drying swamps. Translated with Google Translate
4
French Cathedral
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
The French name of the square was returned to it after the First World War. Frenchmen came to Berlin following the Potsdam document. The document declared that the area was open to anyone who wished to arrive. Everyone will be equally religious and civil. Since then, people from 1685 have poured in from all over Europe. Berlin became a cosmopolitan city in the 17th century. The French Huguenots fled here and the second night of Warpolomay did not take place. Frenchmen had a great influence on Berlin as a city. The German language of Berlin was also influenced. Gendarmerie Square - composed of a Frenchman Zan d'Arm - people with roughes. Translated with Google Translate
5
Café Achteck
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
The green building on the corner of the square is a kind of 8-sided coffee. In fact, this is the first public services in the city. But the subject was forbidden to say in those days, and in order not to call the bathroom services used the proverb: going to pour coffee in an 8-sided cafe. All the buildings around are new construction and reconstruction. Since 1943 the city was almost bombed every day by the Allied forces and within a year and a half until 1945 the city was almost completely destroyed Translated with Google Translate
6
Babylon Square
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
We stand on the square of Babel. This square is also called the Royal Opera Square. The Opera is a national day and is the first in Europe to be built to serve the common people or the middle class. The opera building was built during the days of Frederick the Great. According to which the German king in order to allow the common people to enter the opera building was sufficient to fulfill two conditions: payment and clothing. The issue of clothing and hygiene was very important but not always clear, especially among the commoners. The building with the large green dome on the corner of the square is the church of all religions. It is like the Roman Pantheon. Frederick the Great thought it would be nice if all religions were together in one place. There were many opponents of this idea and Frederick the Great was forced to reject the original idea and declared the church a Catholic entrance because there were a minority in Berlin at the time. Frederick the Great greatly appreciated the value of reading the books. He advocated education and made sure in the 18th century that people read a lot and moved the Royal Library here to the Humboldt University building. Here too he kept both conditions: payment and clothing. Translated with Google Translate
7
Memorial to May 10, 1933 Nazi Book Burning
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Unfortunately, Nazi Germany here in this square burned books on 10.05.1935 Israeli artist Micha Ullman proposed to make the monument in this place in the form of empty bookshelves. This is what can be seen under the glass floor - shelves without books. Heinrich Heine said at the time, "Where you burn the young, you'll burn people." It is interesting that those who burned books were students and scientists - not ordinary people. The shocking event of burning books that did not fit Nazi ideology happened in 70 cities in Germany - but the beginning was here. Translated with Google Translate
8
Humboldt University
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
We still continue to move in the eastern part of the city at the time of partition. We have one of Berlin's most famous streets: Unter den Linden. (Below the poles) Linden trees were necessary to strengthen the marshy lands that were in the city's territory. In the center of the street stands a statue of Frederick the Great on horseback. In his lifetime he asked for a modest burial and forbade sculpture for him. But after his death he was not obeyed. After 111 years of power, the Germans placed a statue of the great Parisian here on the main street of the city. At the same time, in the days of Communist Germany, the statue almost melted on the altar of Communists but survived in one of the courtyards. Today this street is re-placed in its historic place. Translated with Google Translate
9
The New Guard House
The New Guard House
Noya Wachah (The New Guard) is a place in memory of the German fallen. For the first time, the site was dedicated to the memory of all those who fell in the Napoleonic wars. After World War I, the building was expanded to commemorate the fallen of the war. Helmut Kol transformed the place from the National Memorial and Pain Institute into a place of union and mourning with the victims of all wars. Translated with Google Translate
10
Zuighaus
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
We are in the historical museum of Berlin. Here are some interesting sculptures. Otto von Bismarck, her father, is the German nation. He united all German states into one state at the end of the 19th century. He was the emissary of Germany for a short period in Russia and he said the following sentence: "Never fight Russia - for all wisdom she will respond foolishly and lose." On the other hand stands the statue of Lenin, her father, the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. Decided to put his sculpture into the historical museum building because this man and his actions had a great influence on the history of Germany in the 20th century. Ironically, the statue of Nika, the Greek goddess of victory, was also erected in the same world. And it is there to stimulate thinking what is victory? Are there winners and vanquished? Or does it seem to each side that this is what is happening? Translated with Google Translate
11
Zeughauskino
Zeughauskino
The building in which the museum is located today was used until 1848 from a weapons hoard. After that the building served as a museum of weapons and later turned the place into a national museum of military history until it became a historical museum. Translated with Google Translate
12
THEATER IM PALAIS
THEATER IM PALAIS
The new German Museum is one of the most visited museums in Berlin. A very rich museum with interactive displays that tell the history of the city from its founding to the present day. Next to him in the courtyard is the modest palace theater. Translated with Google Translate
13
The Plaintiffs Bridge
The Plaintiffs Bridge
Here we stand in one of the places that appears in a Soviet film about a legendary Russian agent from World War II. His name is Stirlitz. The film's title: "17 Moments of Spring" - a must-see film for every man born and raised in the Soviet Union. Angela Merkel, a German chancellor, lives in a four-storey building. It leases an apartment like 82% of the city's residents. Translated with Google Translate
14
Model of the island of museums
Model of the island of museums
A model of the museum island below was erected here as a sign of the beginning of the island's construction and as a sign of Berlin being renewed as the united German capital at the end of the 19th century. Translated with Google Translate
15
UNESCO World Heritage Museum Island
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
We are at the heart of the museum's work, which accompanied the shaping of the city as the capital of the German nation. The love of the leaders of the people for classical culture, the heritage of Greece and ancient Rome was accompanied by the process and demanded that the island of monarchy be turned into an island of culture and the sources of the nation. Signs of shots can be seen on pages. They were left as a sign and memory of the destruction experienced by the Germans after World War II. The museum in front of which we stand includes the works of art of the ancient world - including the famous statue of Nefertiti - the Queen of Ancient Egypt. This museum also contains the Egyptian collection and collection of Heinrich Schliemann, who excavated ancient Troy. Translated with Google Translate
16
Museum Island Berlin
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
The museum opposite is the Pergamon Museum, which was built to display the altar of Pergamon. It is closed to visitors due to its renewed construction until 2021. It also has the famous Ashtar Gate from the biblical city of Babylon. Here is also the new museum. On the entrance gate stands the statue of King Frederick IV, the philosopher and builder of the idea of ​​the island of museums. In this museum there is a gallery for temporary exhibitions in which mainly German painters are exhibited. At the top of the island is the Buda Museum. Translated with Google Translate
17
The old museum
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
We are on the steps of the old museum. It happened like that, because it all started. It was the first museum on the island on which the first collection of the order of Frederick III was placed. The collection was removed from the palace (a building opposite) and transferred to the museum in 1830. Before that, the entire island was the royal garden where vegetables were grown for the royal kitchen. The historic palace of kings was finally destroyed in the 50s by the Soviet authorities in East Berlin and now rebuilt. The place on the steps of the old museum was used during Hitler's speeches. Here were the well-known speeches and parades with torches. The great ugliness in front of the stairwell at the entrance was moved to the left by the Nazi regime in order to make room for a large audience to watch the Fiihrer's speeches. The ugliness originally came in front of the entrance because it was not brought into the museum because of its size. The architect of the museum, Karl Schinkel, said that the diameter of the ugliness would not exceed 6 meters, and he designed a main entrance gate to the museum according to these dimensions. But when they began cutting the ugliness out of a huge block of rock, they wanted to create more ugliness than what existed in England and Russia, and succeeded in molding an ugliness of more than 6 meters in diameter, but it was already left. Translated with Google Translate
18
Lustgarten
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
In the northern part of the space between the renovated palace and the old museum stands a huge church called the "German House". It was built for the Evangelical community of Berlin, but the only complication was that this community did not recognize the concept of the church as a structure. The community sought to minimize it, but it was already built and was to be a challenge and a competition for St. Isaac's Church in St. Petersburg. One way or another after being severely damaged by the bombing of World War II, the church was rebuilt during Soviet rule and much more modest compared to the original church. The excuse for reducing the renewed structure found that the community evangelical even in the days of its construction did not request a magnificent building. In this church they found the burial of almost all the Guggenzler dynasties in their numbers from various periods. The large square in front of us is called Loisgarten - the pleasure garden. Translated with Google Translate
19
Castle Bridge
Castle Bridge
We cross the River Prae on the bridge of Athens on Pravie. It, as well as classical Berlin, was designed and built by architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel. In the days of friendship and friendship between Czarist Russia and the Royal Germany, the bridge drawings and railings were given as a gift to St. Petersburg and served as inspiration for one of the beautiful bridges of the Russian capital - the Anichkov Bridge. Translated with Google Translate
20
Statue Carl Friedrich Schinkel
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
A square named after the architect Karl Schinkel and this is the sculpture for him. The building that is being built opposite on the other side of the river - already known to us before - is the royal palace that was built at the beginning of the 18th century. Since the structure was severely damaged by the bombing of the Second World War, the Soviet authorities used this fact as an excuse for the total destruction of a palace - a sign of the royal tyranny of the common people. Translated with Google Translate
21
E.CA Economics GmbH
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
We stand in front of the old royal palace. In the days of Soviet Germany it was decided to destroy them. People who understood the historical and national value tried to save him from the destruction and proposed instead to destroy it to establish the Museum of the Socialist Revolution, since Karl Liebernacht, a German revolutionary known in 1918, proclaimed the fall of the Royal Empire. The Soviet authorities were quite cynical - in the end they only kept the balcony. Translated with Google Translate
22
Hans Eisler High School of Music
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
In front of the palace building that was not preserved was the Royal Palace Square with the Neptune Fountain in its center. She was moved to a new location in Alexander Square. But it is possible that everything will return to what it was after the construction of the historic palace was completed. And we see the German Philharmonic. Incidentally, the scene on the right wing of the building depicts the German revolutionary Karl Liebenkacht speaking to the people from the famous balcony. Only that the description of the porch had been muted and the man hung in the air like the revolution. Translated with Google Translate
23
Rathausbrücke (formerly Kurfürstenbrücke)
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Here in this place begins the historic place of Berlin. The city was founded in 1244. But now it is said that it was 1237. The change was in the order of Josef Goebbels, Nazi propaganda minister of Germany. After 1936, when the Olympic Games were held in Germany, the Minister of Propaganda understood that great events and grandiose events united the nation and provided good grounds for celebrations next year - that is, in 1937. Historians worked hard to find documents proving that the city was founded in 1237 and not in 1224, . At the same time, there is indeed an earlier settlement on the other side of the river called Kolan. Translated with Google Translate
24
Statue de Saint Georges
Statue de Saint Georges
The statue of St. George stood in this place as an alternative to its historical place. He stood in the courtyard of the palace that was not preserved. A sculpture disqualified in the middle of the 19th century symbolized the victory of Germany, apparently for itself - the aspiration and eventual unification of the German states to the Weimar Republic. Translated with Google Translate
25
Wappenbrunnen
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
The entrance of the ancient Nicholas - probably the oldest building in the city. This is the place to take an interest in the origin of the name - Berlin. Some say that the name of the city is derived from the word Dov. Some say beer. Let's review the versions and make sure both are wrong. Before the church entrance stood the ancient symbol of Berlin. He has neither the famous bear nor the capital. Berlin was never the capital of the capital because it would stand on swamps and get and produce from this water good beer very hard. The bear did not give the city a name either. Berl - is the ancient Slavic name that symbolized an egg or a place for raising fish. Slavs established the place and lived there until 1158, the year of his arrival in the city of Albert of Brandenburg. He accepts these places. The old symbol of the city was not the bear. Albert was called a bear. His height was 192 and symbolized a bear for the low Slavs. Over the years the origin of the Slavic name was forgotten and replaced by Albert the Bear. In the city opposite, Karl Gelberband, who founded and funded the Emek Printing House, published many copies of the New Testament because he saw it as a source of inspiration for every German. Translated with Google Translate
26
St. Nicholas Church
St. Nicholas Church
The great statue inside a sukkah made of thread beneath symbolizes the foundation of the city in the affairs of the Germans - Albert the Bear. Translated with Google Translate
27
Zum Nußbaum
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
We are located in the oldest part of the city. In fact, Berlin has developed here. It was completely destroyed during World War II bombing and was in ruins until almost the end of the 1970s. Towards the year 1987 - the city's Soviet authorities decided to rehabilitate the area and establish new buildings with a shape reminiscent of the historical buildings. An almost single structure whose shape is more similar to the historic building is the restaurant Nusbaum. Translation of the name: Near a walnut tree. Legend tells us that instead of wonderland grew a union tree and the owners opened a restaurant. The place was very famous among the city's residents. Where they would always sing folk songs that served as satire for residents expressing their pain on various subjects. During the Nazi regime there was no singing. Translated with Google Translate
28
Flag house Alex
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Here in the corner of the streets was a house where a German jurist lived, granting the French rights in the city. Remember the beginning of the route? Symbolically, in this place, which symbolized the German liberalism for the inhabitants of the city, the Nazi thugs closed the shops of the Jews. One of the Jewish families who continued to oppose the oppressive regime was the Israel family, which is well known to us thanks to a man named Wilfrid Israel who managed to smuggle children and youth who founded Kibbutz Hazorea in the Land of Israel. Translated with Google Translate
29
Rotes Rathaus
Rotes Rathaus
City Hall. today also. This is how it was built in the 1860s, it replaced the city building that was built in the 13th century. The current building reconstructs the historic building. Translated with Google Translate
30
St, Mary's Church
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Here we will end our tour of acquaintances in Berlin. Alexander Square. The original square was not preserved. A name related to Alexander the First - the Russian narrow. Together with the German Imperator they defeated Napoleon. Among the ancient buildings preserved in the square is the entrance to the Holy Shrine of Mary. A high-rise tower that seems to have been the most frequented in the city is the television tower that was built as a technological competitor to the western part of the city. It was built along with the Ostenkino Tower in Moscow. The TV tower is the highest in Germany to date. 947 Stairs ascend to the tower. On the top floor there is a restaurant that takes an entire round once an hour and allows diners to enjoy the view. The lift takes only 40 seconds. In front of us, the Neptune Fountain was moved here from the palace square - remember? Translated with Google Translate
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