The Eleftheria (Liberty) Monument is located in Nicosia, Cyprus, and was unveiled on September 14, 1973. The monument commemorates the struggle of the Cypriot people for independence from British colonial rule, which lasted from 1878 to 1960. The memorial was created by the Greek sculptor George Zongolopoulos.
The figures in the monument symbolise various aspects of the Cypriot struggle for freedom. The central figure is a female personification of liberty, representing the spirit of freedom and the victory of the Cypriot people. She is holding a shield with the national emblem of Cyprus, symbolising the unity of the people and the country. The other figures in the monument depict different stages of the struggle for independence:
A man breaking chains represents the desire for liberation from British colonial rule. A woman with a baby symbolises the continuation of life and the importance of family during the struggle. A fighter holding a rifle represents the armed resistance of the Cypriot people. A figure holding a wreath is a symbolic representation of the memory of the fallen heroes who sacrificed their lives for the cause of independence. The Eleftheria Monument is an important cultural and historical symbol in Nicosia, serving as a reminder of the sacrifices made by the Cypriot people in their pursuit of independence and self-determination.