The history of this street begins in the second century A.D. The Roman emperor Hadrian rebuilt Jerusalem and renamed it. The attempt to change its name occurs the first and last time in the history of the city. Calling the city in the Roman fashion of Aelia Capitolina, they build the temples to their gods and plane the streets known as Cardo and Decumanus. Only after the destruction of the town by the Jordanians in 1967, carrying out restoration work, archaeologists discovered the Roman buildings. The Roman street of Cardo crossed the city from the north to the south. Shops and craft shops were built along the street, and paved sidewalks were shadowed with a roof supported by colonnades.