Pinsteps. Horvat Akav: Historical Epochs at Ramat Hanadiv's Summit
Places to visit in ישראל. Languages: en

Horvat Akav (Hebrew: חורבת עקב), also known as Khirbet Mansur al-Aqab, is an archaeological site situated at the highest point of Ramat Hanadiv, on the southwestern cliff of Carmel. This complex served as a residential area during two main periods: the Second Temple and the Byzantine period. The first explorations were conducted by Claude Conder and Herbert Kitchener (1873) from the British Palestine Exploration Fund. More than a century later, from 1984 to 1987, archaeological excavations were led by Professor Yizhar Hirschfeld, uncovering evidence of settlement during the medieval period.

During the Byzantine period in Horvat Akav, a villa existed from the mid-5th to the mid-7th century until the Arab conquest. This rural-style villa was used for living, working, and storage. The northern wing likely served as a wine cellar and storage area. Following the Arab conquest, the demand for wine decreased as its consumption was forbidden in Islam, and the residents who relied on wine production lost their source of income.

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Evgeny Praisman
Hiking trip to Hotam HaCarmel in Binyamina-Giv'at Ada of Dec 30, 2023

Embark on a captivating hiking adventure through the southern part of Mount Carmel, just a few moments away from the enchanting Ein Zur Spring. This scenic trail offers a convenient and free parking area, making it the perfect starting point for your journey. After your hike, you can relax in the beautiful surroundings of the spring.

In December, you'll be treated to a mesmerizing display of wildflowers, including marigolds, anemones, and cyclamens. As you ascend the cliffs of the mountain, you'll encounter a breathtaking viewpoint where you can take a break and enjoy the splendid vista.

Along the way, you'll discover ancient burial mounds, remnants of early civilizations. Further ahead lies a Roman and Byzantine villa and farm, providing fascinating insights into the region's history.

The trail then winds through the lush Gariga, leading you across the Crocodile River's stream to the main square of Rothschild Park, a popular gathering spot for hikers.

Your journey culminates with a visit to the remarkable ruins of Houri Farm, the ancient Greek fortress of Aleq, the Zur Spring, and the scenic park that surrounds it. This hiking route promises an unforgettable exploration of nature, history, and culture.

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Evgeny Praisman (author)
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