The Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Buda castle area is most often called the Matthias Church in honor of the Hungarian king Matthias Hunyadi, who ruled in the 15th century from 1458 to 1490. According to legend, the first church in this place was founded by King Istvan I the Holy in 1015 and consecrated in honor of the Virgin Mary. This small church was completely destroyed in 1242 during the Mongol invasion. After the expulsion of the Mongols, King Bela IV began the construction of a new church in this place. After the proclamation of Buda as the capital of Hungary, reconstruction began throughout the city, as well as this church. Under King Louis the Great, who ruled from 1342 to 1382, the three-nave Romanesque church of the Virgin Mary was rebuilt, expanded and acquired Gothic forms. Since the second half of the XIV century, the church became the parish church of German immigrants, there was a cemetery nearby.
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