The modern walls of the old city were built by the Turkish Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. By the way, he restored the most famous mosque in Jerusalem - the Golden Dome over the Rock. Ironically, striving to create a magnificent city not inferior to its ancient greatness, Jerusalem was deprived of its significant historical part. The modern walls of Jerusalem do not include a vital part of the ancient city, such as the city of David and the home of the high priest Kayafa (St. Peter's Church in Gallicantu). The Zion Gate is one of eight gates in the wall of the city, and traces of battles are visible on them. In 1948, the British left Jerusalem, and the civil war in the city between Jews and Arabs was inflamed with a new force.