The Shrine of Al-Nabi Sabalan, located in the Upper Galilee region of northern Israel, is a sacred site for the Druze community. It's dedicated to the prophet Sabalan, identified with the Biblical figure Zebulun, the sixth son of Jacob and Leah. The shrine is on Mount Zvul, a place of religious pilgrimage and communal gatherings for the Druze people. Due to the unique beliefs of the Druze, which incorporate elements from Abrahamic religions along with Gnosticism, Neoplatonism, and other philosophical and mystical traditions, the site also has significance in the region's broader context of religious history. Each year, especially in September, the Druze commemorate the birth of Zebulun at this shrine, marking it as an essential event in their religious calendar.
The Druze religion originated in Egypt during the 11th century, during the reign of the Fatimid Caliphate. However, the faith is often attributed to Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad, an Ismaili scholar regarded as the primary founder. He started the trust with five other principal initiates, collectively known as "Hudud al-Din," these six individuals are highly revered within the Druze faith.
The Druze flag, also known as the Epistles of Wisdom banner, features five colour stripes, each representing a different aspect of their belief system. Each colour corresponds to a different cosmic principle, or Hadd, and a prophet associated with it. For example, theen represents 'Aql (Mind, Intellect) and the prophet Abraham. Red symbolizes Nafs (Soul, Psyche) and the prophet Noah. Yellow is for Kalima (Word) and the prophet Moses. Blue stands for Sabq (Precedent) and the prophet Jesus. Lastly, the white stripe signifies Tali' (Imminent) and the prophet Muhammad. The five-coloured flag thus visually encapsulates the core principles of the Druze faith.