The small chapel next to the entrance is dedicated to the Holy Family (Joseph, Mary, and the boy Jesus). According to the New Testament, they left for Egypt escaping from the wrath of Herod, who ordered the killing of infants in Bethlehem, after receiving the news of the birth of the king of Judea (Jesus). This place is not a part of the way from Bethlehem to Egypt. But the identification of this place as a shelter of the Holy Family strengthens the gospel. The main route from Galilee to Jerusalem passed along the Jordan Valley. It is quite possible that the holy family left Jerusalem, stopped in this cave on their way to Nazareth - the home city of Josef. At this place the archangel Gabriel told Joseph that they should go to the land of Egypt instead of Nazareth.