Pinsteps. The western part of the Erechtheion
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The Erechtheion, an elegant building of the Ionic order, takes its name from Erechtheus, the mythical king of Athens. According to later literary sources, construction of the temple began either before the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War in 431 BCE or after the conclusion of the "Peace of Nikias" in 421 BCE. However, works were interrupted due to the war and were only completed in 406 BCE. The peculiar layout of the building is a result of the natural irregularity of the ground and the need to incorporate ancient sacred spots, such as the salt spring that appeared when Poseidon struck the rock with his trident during his contest with Athena over the patronage of the city, the trident marks, and the tombs of the Athenian kings Kekrops and Erechtheus.

The interior of the Erechtheion is divided into two sections by a wall. The eastern section, which is at least 3 meters higher than the western section, was dedicated to Athena Polias and housed the xoanon, an ancient wooden cult statue of the goddess. The western section was divided into three parts and dedicated to the cult of Poseidon Erechtheus, Hephaistus, and the hero Boutes.

The north side of the cella features a magnificent porch with six Ionic columns. The bases, capitals, and frame of the doorway leading to the interior of the cella are decorated with elaborate reliefs, while the ceiling coffers were painted. The famous Porch of the Caryatids or Maidens dominates the south side of the building. Six statues of young women, standing on a 1.77 meter high podium, support the roof of the porch, which was part of Kekrops' tomb above the ground.

The upper part of the building features a frieze of grey Eleusinian stone with relief figures of white Parian marble attached to it. Today, these relief figures are exhibited in the Acropolis Museum.

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Evgeny Praisman
Must have a walking tour in Athens on Feb 12, 2023

Athens has a rich history and vibrant culture, and a walking tour is a perfect way to experience its many sights and sounds. A one-day walking tour in Athens could start at the Acropolis, visiting the Parthenon and the Erechtheion, two of the city's most iconic landmarks. From there, you can stroll down to the Greek Agora, where you can rest and enjoy a cup of coffee and some local cheese at a small cafe, soaking in the sun and the atmosphere of this historic neighbourhood.

Next, you can head to the flea market and street markets in the Monastiraki neighbourhood. This area is known for its bustling street vendors and street performers, and it's a great place to find souvenirs and local handicrafts. You can take a break from the crowds and sample some delicious pastries at a local patisserie.

Afterwards, you can head to Syntagma Square, where you can watch the Changing of the Guard ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. This is a unique and fascinating tradition that is a must-see for anyone visiting Athens.

As the day turns into night, you can experience the city's vibrant nightlife by visiting some of the popular bars and tavernas in the town. Athens is famous for its nightlife, and there are plenty of bars and tavernas to choose from, offering a variety of music and drinks to suit all tastes.

Finally, to end your day, you can visit one of the city's best restaurants and enjoy a delicious meal with local wines and live music. This is the perfect way to cap off a day of sightseeing and exploring in Athens, surrounded by the city's rich history, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality.

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Evgeny Praisman (author)
Здравствуйте! Меня зовут Женя, я путешественник и гид. Здесь я публикую свои путешествия и путеводители по городам и странам. Вы можете воспользоваться ими, как готовыми путеводителями, так и ресурсом для создания собственных маршрутов. Некоторые находятся в свободном доступе, некоторые открываются по промо коду. Чтобы получить промо код напишите мне сообщение на телефон +972 537907561 или на и я с радостью вам помогу! Иначе, зачем я всё это делаю?
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