This house was built by Eliezer Elhanan Shalit in 1883. He came from a Lithuanian Orthodox Jewish family, who didn't welcome studying of sciences, considered liberalism as heresy and Zionism as utopia. Only the study of the Torah, prayer, and work were considered the only true way. Orphaned at an early age, Shalit was raised by his brothers and at the year of 13, was forced to earn his own bread. He moved to Poltava, where he found a job as a traveling salesman and soon married Sarah Ahronovich. Sarah's family did not love the young man infected with the enlightenment virus, and a young couple soon moved to Jaffa. Shalit joined the Vaad Haluzei Yasod haMaala and stood at the origins of Rishon LeZion along with Levontin and Feinberg. Shalit bred grapes, olive and almond trees. The family lived in this house for 40 years. Eliezer and Sarah had 10 children. Five of them were born in Poltava. All the children studied at the Haviv school in Rishon LeZion, the first Hebrew speaking school. The eldest son became a doctor and lived in Paris. Another son founded a Jewish settler movement in Australia. A daughter married an American Jew and settled in America. Another daughter lived in Rishon LeZion and was fond of breeding silkworm caterpillars. One daughter died at the age of 4 months. It was the first death in Rishon LeZion since its foundation. She was buried under a sycamore tree on top of a hill, where the history of Rishon LeZion began. The eldest son of Shalit wrote in his diary: "It was the first sacrifice on the altar of my parents' ideals." The daughter named Rachel was born in Rishon LeZion, lived in the city and buried here. The son named Lev was born in Rishon LeZion. He moved to Australia to his older brother, then to Panama, then to Arizona. He was a passionate Rodeo fan and he died during one of the competitions. Daughter named Malkah was born in Rishon LeZion, she was an activist of the women's international Jewish organization Wizo. Lived in Tel Aviv, buried in her family plot in Rishon. Mordechai, Malka’s twin brother, was born in Rishon LeZion. He studied medicine in Europe, lived and worked in London. The youngest daughter, Leia, was born in Rishon LeZion, spoke six languages, translated medieval poets works into Hebrew, founded the school of Reali in Haifa. She died in New York at the age of 98, buried in the family plot in Rishon LeZion. The second part of the house, which was added later, occupies a clothes exhibition. It presents fashion of different decades, from the first years of the settlement till the forties of the 20th century.