Eleftheria Square is a large public square located in the heart of Nicosia, the capital city of Cyprus. The square was built in the 1970s as part of a major urban development project, and has since become one of the most important landmarks in the city.
The construction of Eleftheria Square in the 1970s was part of a larger urban development project that was intended to modernize the city of Nicosia and create a new sense of national identity for Cyprus. At the time, Cyprus was still recovering from a period of political instability and violence, including a coup d'etat and subsequent invasion by Turkish forces in 1974.
The construction of Eleftheria Square was seen as a way to express the new identity and aspirations of the Cypriot people, and was intended to symbolize the country's emergence as a modern, democratic, and prosperous nation. The square was designed to be a grand public space that would serve as a focal point for civic life in Nicosia, and would showcase the country's cultural heritage and artistic achievements.
The name "Eleftheria" means "freedom" in Greek. The square was named after the concept of freedom to symbolize Cyprus' struggle for independence and its emergence as a modern, democratic nation. The name reflects the values of liberty and self-determination that have been central to the country's history and identity, and serves as a reminder of the importance of these ideals in the ongoing development of Cyprus as a nation.