Macalister, the son of Professor of Zoology, the University of Dublin, first interested in the archaeology of Ireland, developed a keen interest in biblical archaeology. He excavated several ancient hills in Ottoman Palestine from 1898 to 1900. From 1902 to 1909, he was responsible for the excavations at Gezer and found the very early Hebrew calendrical inscription. Although he managed to compile the first chronology of the place, based on the relative stratigraphy of Flinders Petrie - the prototype of Indiana Johnson, Makalister made many big mistakes that left many questions to subsequent generations of archaeologists. We climbed the mound that Makalister left from the waste material being excavated. To our right is the valley of the Gezer stream, which flows into the Ayalon River. Directly below the mound is the city’s tower. To our left are the coastal valley and the towns of the Greater Tel Aviv area. It is here that it becomes clear that the main ways of the ancient world between Egypt and Mesopotamia passed here and intersected with the road from Jaffa to Jerusalem.