Places to visit in Nahsholim

Morning walk along the coast of the reserve Nachsholim Aug 25, 2018


Description: Dawn in the reserve Nahsholim. Walk along the trail of red markings. The path begins on the beach. The abonim goes along the coast from the shell bay, through the blue cave, the quiet beach, the sunken ship, the ancient quarries, the Dor beach, the Roman port of Dor, the crusader fort of Dor and returns back to the abonym beach. Translated with Google Translate
Distance
7.31 km
Duration
3h 41 m
Likes
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Places
15
1
Habonim beach nature reserve
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
The shell bay is completely covered with a thick layer of shells. This is the most common shell along the entire coast of Israel - it is home to the Glycimeris clam, which has more than 100 species. Oysters, mussels and scallops are all related to Glycimeris. These seashells are thousands of years old. They settled to the bottom of the sea and over time, the waves applied them to a cozy and quiet bay, where they rest to this day. Translated with Google Translate
2
Blue cave
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
The blue cave was formed by the destruction and leaching of deep settled in shell rock. These processes took thousands of years. As a result, a cave was formed, the walls of which reflect sea water and it seems that the cave has a blue tint. The most interesting thing is that with the formation of the cave, the direction of the waves did not change at all and the sea “does not calm down” to this day and brings different surprises to the shore. Among the plastic bottles and other ordinary marine debris, you can find fragments of ancient ships, coins and shards, which the sea picks up from its depths and brings to the shore in this place. Translated with Google Translate
3
Quiet beach
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
In this place, if you look closely, you can see that the composition of the rock is changing. It is no longer a shell rock, but becomes sandstone. Moreover, near the coast there are, as it were, small protrusions that look like big “tables” washed by water. These sandy grounds are created with the help of interesting living creatures that look like worms, only putting themselves on a calcium tube. These marine inhabitants create with their collapsing calcium tubes “table edges” that do not allow water to completely “slide” off the table and small, very small lagoons form, in which their unique world develops. Translated with Google Translate
4
Beach abonim
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
In close proximity to the sea, salt, sand, in sudden changes in temperature, at the end of summer, the Sea Pankratsy blooms in these places. It is a white flower with pointed beautiful petals. It was this flower that became a symbol of purity, patience and strength, and for many early Christians it meant the image of the holy virgin Mary. The dome of the Church of the Annunciation in Nazareth is made in the shape of this flower. But how does this plant bloom in such harsh conditions? Marine Pankratsy managed to develop a special substance similar to wax, which protects it from salt, sand, wind and sudden temperature changes, and it nourishes moisture from the condensable in the mornings Rosa - a common phenomenon, especially in late summer, when it can be cool at night the day is still very hot. Translated with Google Translate
5
Cockleshell shore
Cockleshell shore
From the water protrudes nose of the sunken ship. This ship delivered cement to Israel and sank against a reef and sank. Today this place was chosen by gulls and albatrosses. Translated with Google Translate
6
Quarries
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Why in ancient times did people prefer to create quarries in close proximity to the sea? Was it really impossible to carve a stone in a quieter and more peaceful place? Or were they attracted by the prospect of working on the seashore? Everything is explained by the stone cutting system. In the rock round holes were made into which wooden poles were driven in. In a humid environment, or even in high tide conditions, the pins swelled and broke out the stone. So simply and cleverly carved in ancient times a stone. Translated with Google Translate
7
Quarries
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
The stone collapses under the impact of the waves, collapses due to the evaporation of water and corrosive sea salt and is destroyed by marine inhabitants, who use shell rock for their habitat. But there is another process - human activity. People since ancient times carved stone for construction. This is how the ancient city of Dor was built, so Caesarea was built, and so the inhabitants of nearby Arab villages built their houses. Translated with Google Translate
8
Cockleshell shore
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Here, on the very stone, nature opens a shell rock creation book. As a detailed recipe for a diligent geologist. Imagine a sand dune mixed with shells. The sand has a quartz base, and the seashells are calcium. Calcium dissolves and penetrates inside, where it again becomes stone, but only with sand. So this stone is formed, leaving us beautiful "paintings" of the whole process. Then, the wind and the sea begin to work on the stone, and weathering and erosion, partial collapse and leaching are added to the “paintings”. Translated with Google Translate
9
Nachsholim beach
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Sandy beaches along the coast, have sand sand, whose birthplace in Africa. It enters the Nile River and along with its waters enters the delta, where it is picked up by the current and applied along the entire eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. This is quartz sand, which has a velvet surface and the smallest grains of sand. To the north, carbonate sand is added to it, which is applied over seasonal streams and rivers of the upper and lower Galilee. Translated with Google Translate
10
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Dor, or Tel Dor (the archaeological hill of Dor) is one of the oldest ports of the Holy Land, beautifully situated between three small islands creating a small bay. One of the names of the ancient Dora, Khirbet El Burj, dates back to the reign of Muslims and means "the ruins of a fortress". In the 11th and 10th centuries BC on the site of Dora, there was a settlement with houses characteristic of this period, built around the central courtyard. The remains of ceramics tell about the rich economic relations of the Canaanites who inhabited the city with ancient Egypt and Cyprus. In the second half of the 10th century BC The city was inhabited mainly by the Phoenicians, and the direction of trade relations acquired the Greek and Sardinian character. Translated with Google Translate
11
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Dor is mentioned in the Bible as one of the 31 cities captured by Joshua, but the cultural life of the city continued to be Canaan-Phoenician from the ceramics characteristic of the north of the country, the Acre region and Lebanon. During the reign of King David, Dor became part of the empire of David, and his son Solomon betrayed Dor to the rule of his brother-in-law, Ben Aminadab. However, it was only after the death of Solomon that Dor began to change and go through the "Israelization." During the reign of Assyrian kings Tiglatpalasar III and Esarhaddon, Dor played an important role as a port city. At the end of the reign of the Assyrian Empire, Dor lost his significance and was even abandoned by the inhabitants for an unknown reason. At the same time, at the time of the Persian Empire, Dor was allocated to a free economic zone along with Jaffa and was proclaimed: "Grain-rich lands in the Saron Valley". Translated with Google Translate
12
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Under the rule of the Persians, patronage over Dor and Yafo passed to the Sidon kings. At this time, the city was laid down a system of streets, which continued to exist in the days of the Greeks. Alexander of Macedon took the city of Dor, apparently without a fight, and this can be explained by the fact that the city was ruled by the rulers of Sidon. During the period of Greek rule, the city developed rapidly and during the last excavations temples and public buildings were discovered. Dor, like the Straton Tower (Caesarea), was captured and incorporated into Judea during the reign of Alexander Yann. Translated with Google Translate
13
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
The greatest dawn reaches the city during the reign of the Roman Empire. By this time, private houses, shopping arcades, and public buildings discovered by archaeologists belong. The Romans provided the city with an aqueduct, a monumental gate and a theater. However, after the construction of Caesarea and the elevation of this city, the inhabitants of Dora gradually leave the settlement, and Dor practically ceases to exist. In Byzantine times, Dor was not settled, and the small church, built at the foot of the hill, rather personified the new rulers than served the parish Translated with Google Translate
14
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
Dor was not inhabited until the time of the Crusaders. Maybe that's why the Arabic name of Dora is Hirbet El Burj. The presence of a fortress on the site of the historical Dora and the tradition adopted among historians to consider this fortress to be the fruit of the creation of the crusaders today is quite hotly contested. Up to the time of the Ottoman Empire, Dor was empty, and only in the second half of the 18th century, the village of Tantura appeared here, on the site of which the Kibbutz Nachsholim and Moshav Dor are located today. Translated with Google Translate
15
Habonim beach nature reserve
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman
On the way back it's time to admire the views and if you climb up to the highest point of the shell ridge, then you can find a viewing platform. It is located on a high point of the shell ridge. This is one of the three ranges of shell rock, which stretch along the sea and are located between Mount Carmel and the sea shore. We are located on the westernmost of them, and in front of us is a moshav abonim on a hill parallel to us. Between these ridges formed elongated parallel valleys called gutters due to its shape. It is in them that the water is collected and due to the absence of drainage, these valleys of the grooves became wetlands. Translated with Google Translate
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