This part of the city is named after Duke of Valois, future Louis-Philippe, 1st King of France. Louis-Philippe d'Orléans was born next to this area at the Palais-Royal in Paris on October 6th, 1773. 11 years later, in 1784, the old reservoirs that supplied the garden ponds in the Palais-Royal were ruined with the opening of Rue de Valois. One year later, in 1785, Louis-Philippe, like his father the Duke of Orleans, became Duke of Chartres and supported the French Revolution. Later he joined the club of Jacobins and supported the formation of the Civil Constitution of the clergy. But his sympathy to the revolutionists did not save him from the bloodthirstiness of the revolution. His father was trialed and executed on November 6th, 1793. After being crowned as Duke of Orleans, Louis-Philippe moved to Switzerland where he worked as a teacher, but his fake identity was unmasked and he was forced to immigrate again. He was sheltered by the Scandinavian countries. In 1796, the Directory exiled him with his two young brothers to the United States. They settled in Philadelphia. Three years afterwards he stayed in Havana before being driven out by the Spanish government. Napoleon Bonaparte did not put an end to his exile during the rule of his Empire, and Louis-Philippe and his brothers settled in England in January 1800. Only after the abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1814, Louis-Philippe returned to France, as Duke of Orleans, and inherited his own home, the Palais-Royal. Louis-Philippe was proclaimed 'King of the French' by the Chamber of Deputies on August 9th, 1830. The strong symbol of the new monarchy, was the tricolor flag that replaced the white flag of the Restoration. But, despite the fact that the period of the king's rule was marked by the expansion of the colonies in Africa and in the New Word, the strengthening of the ties with England and the creation of a constitutional monarchy, Victor Hugo said "The current king has a large amount of small qualities".
Fearing of getting tied with a similar fate as Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, Louis-Philippe 1st disguised himself and embarked on March 2nd, 1848 from Le Havre to England, where he and his family settled at Claremont Castle provided by Queen Victoria. The Second Republic of France was proclaimed. Two years later Louis-Philippe died in his place of exile and was buried in the chapel of St. Charles Borromeo in Weybridge. 27 years later in 1876, his body as well as that of his wife Queen Marie-Amélie, who died on March 24th, 1866, were brought back to the royal chapel of Saint-Louis.