Places to visit

Nahal Amud upper and lower course


Nahal Amud two-day route. On the first day, the upper course on the second day is lower. Translated with Google Translate

Author & Co-authors
tomepris (author)
26.22 km
42h 8 m
Places with media
Kfar Shamay

The name Kfar Shamai is derived from the name Shamai of the representative of Sinedérion in the times of the pair government, jointly with Hillel. By tradition, Shamai’s tomb is located within Mount Meron. The economy of moshav has been based on agriculture in recent years, thanks to its proximity to the religious sites of Mount Meron, religious tourism has begun to play a large role. Near the settlement is one of the most picturesque streams of the upper and lower Galilee - Nahal Amud. (Pillar Creek) Translated with Google Translate

Nature Reserve Nahal Amud

National Park Reserve Nahal Amud is located in the upper course of the stream Amud. The walking route starts at the entrance to the reserve along a dirt road. The entrance to the road north of the moshav Kfar Shamay to the east of the road number 866 (see map). At the exit of the road number 866 is a pointer. On this path you can walk to the beginning of the descent into the gorge near the building of the English police Ein Tin. The descent leads to the source of Ein Tin, from which two trails of blue and black markings diverge. Follow the blue marking trail and follow this trail to the connection of the Meron and Amud creeks south of the Ein Fuam source (see map). From the parking lot there is a trail marked with a red marking. At the confluence of the creeks 4 paths diverge. The black marking trail (northern direction) takes you along the left bank of the Amud creek to the Ein Tin source and climb to the entrance to the reserve. The trail of blue marking rises to the source of Ein Fuam. The black marking trail in a southerly direction leads to the lower stream of the Amud brook and road number 85. The blue marking trail is the route along which you came. From the source of Ein Tina - the beginning of the path, the trail of blue marking moves along the right slope of the stream along the ancient water conduit that irrigated the gardens. Soon you will find yourself on the territory of ancient gardens, where you grew figs, grapes, pomegranate trees. The gardens had an extensive irrigation system, sewers and fountains. Above the gardens are visible remnants of buildings - tenadend tenant. Continuing along the blue marking path you will begin a gentle ascent to the observation deck on the Amud and Meron stream. Then the descent will start down to the channel, and soon there will be numerous creeks with clean and cool water along the way. Trout is found in these backwaters. Swimming and fishing in creeks is prohibited. Along the way is full of natural deciduous forest, perennial hornbeam and ash, thickets of wild raspberries. Soon you will leave to the wooden bridge and creeks, where it is allowed to swim. Here is the junction of the trails. If you left the second car by the road number 85, then you can continue along the black marking path south to the road number 85, it will take about 3 hours. If you do not need to go to road number 85, go up to the source of Ein Fuam and return to the black marking trail northward to the source of Ein Tin and exit the gorge. This short route to the source of Ein Fuam will take no more than 15 minutes. Translated with Google Translate

Nahal Amud

Over the centuries, the bed of the Amud creek has been a source of income for the inhabitants of Safed and its environs. The abundance of water made it possible to build water mills along the stream bed and grind flour. The system of building such mills was elementarily simple: in the upstream of the water, the stream was diverted into an aqueduct that stretched along the slope. The bed of the stream becomes deeper to the lower stream and the elevation difference between the aqueduct and the natural channel allowed to discharge water and use its power and power to rotate the millstones of the millstones. Such buildings will be visible along the left (closest to Safed) shore. In the upper Galilee, the bed of the Amud creek was the recognized price of the mill business, and in the Lower Galilee the bed of the Tsalmon creek. In addition to the mills, the stream bed abounded with mulberry trees and silkworm breeding allowed Safed in the 16-17 centuries. to win world fame in silk production. The presence of water and a constant flow made it possible to develop the silk dyeing industry and concentrate the entire production process in one place. Acre - the port city rebuilt by Dar el Omar in the 17th century was the main sea gate of the Safed silk industry. The fertile, well-irrigated lands on the slopes of the brook contributed to the rapid development of agriculture, whose products were supplied to the markets of Tsfta, Akko and Tiberias. In the second half of the 19th century, the period of the industrial revolution, the economy of the region began to decline, and with the beginning of the British rule, the basis of the industry of the region changed, and henceforth the stream’s water was used for the needs of the developing city and surrounding areas. Silk was forgotten, agriculture lost industrial volumes and Amud Creek became, over time, a reserve. Translated with Google Translate


Overnight stay Translated with Google Translate

Nahal Amud

Lower course second day route Translated with Google Translate

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