The Hohensalzburg Castle in Salzburg, Austria, is a stunning medieval fortress that sits atop a hill overlooking the city. It was initially built in the 11th century to protect the Archbishop of Salzburg. It has been expanded and renovated over the centuries to become one of the most impressive castles in Europe.
One interesting story about the castle is that in the 16th century, the Archbishop of Salzburg, Markus Sittikus, commissioned the famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's father, Leopold Mozart, to design and build a magnificent palace within the castle walls. Leopold, who was a skilled musician and composer himself, created a court that featured beautiful frescoes, ornate furnishings, and a grand ballroom where the Mozart family would often perform.
In addition to the palace, the castle also features several other exciting attractions, such as the Golden Hall, adorned with gold leaf and intricate frescoes, and the Torture Chamber, where visitors can see instruments of punishment used in medieval times. The castle can be reached by a funicular railway from the city or by a hike up the hill.
Today, the castle is a major tourist attraction, and it is open to the public for tours. Visitors can explore the palace and other parts of the court and take in the beautiful views of Salzburg and the surrounding Alps. It is a must-see place for anyone visiting Salzburg.
But let us first visit the catacombs at the bottom of monk hill. It is worth noting that the Catacombs are not prominent places, and they may not offer the same experience as some of the more famous catacombs worldwide. But it is a fascinating historical site that gives a glimpse into the past of Salzburg and offers a different perspective on the city's history.
The entrance fee is about a couple of euros. The name Catacombs may dismiss. There are ancient Monastery of St. Peter, which is a Benedictine monastery that is built into a hillside.
The Monastery of St. Peter is one of the most important historical and cultural sites in Salzburg, Austria. Saint Rupert, the patron saint of Salzburg, the 7th century founded the original monastery in. Over the centuries, the monastery has played a significant role in the religious and cultural life of the region.
One interesting story about the monastery is that during the Napoleonic Wars in the early 19th century, the monks at St. Peter's hid a large amount of treasure, including gold and religious artefacts, in a secret chamber within the monastery to keep it safe from looting. The catch was discovered in the early 20th century and can now be displayed in the monastery's museum.
Another exciting story is that the Monastery was a centre of learning and culture during the Middle Ages, and its library was one of the most important in Europe. Many famous figures such as scientists, philosophers and artists visited the Monastery to study in its library, known for its vast collection of books and manuscripts.
Additionally, the Monastery's church is known for its beautiful Baroque architecture and its impressive frescoes and paintings. The church is still used for religious services and is open to visitors who want to see its beautiful art and architecture.
Overall, the Monastery of St. Peter has a rich history and has played an essential role in the religious, cultural and intellectual life of Salzburg and Europe.
St. Peter's Cemetery is located in Salzburg, Austria, next to the Monastery of St. Peter. It is one of the oldest cemeteries in Europe, dating back to the 8th century. The cemetery is known for its beautiful and historic tombs, many adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures.
One of the most notable features of the cemetery is the "Leopoldskroner Friedhof," which is a section of the cemetery that contains the graves of many prominent figures from Salzburg's history, including bishops, abbots, and other important figures from the city's past. Some of the tombs are adorned with beautiful sculptures and inscriptions that give insight into the lives of those buried there.
Another exciting feature of the cemetery is the "Schäfflerfriedhof" which is a section of the cemetery that contains the graves of many master craftsmen and artisans from Salzburg's past. These tombs are adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures that reflect the trade of the person buried there.
St. Peter's Cemetery is a place of history, art, and culture, and it is a popular destination for visitors to Salzburg who is interested in the city's history and art. It is open to the public during the day, and guided tours are also available.
Margaret's Chapel is a small, Gothic-style chapel in Salzburg, Austria, within the Monastery of St. Peter. The chapel is named after Saint Margaret of Antioch, a Christian martyr from the 4th century. The chapel is known for its beautiful architecture and artwork, including intricate frescoes and sculptures.
The chapel is believed to have been built in the 14th century, and it is one of the few remaining examples of Gothic architecture in Salzburg. The chapel is decorated with frescoes depicting scenes from the life of Saint Margaret, as well as sculptures of saints and other religious figures. The artwork is considered to be some of the finest examples of Gothic art in Austria.
One of the most notable features of Margaret's Chapel is its ornate altarpiece, which is made of carved wood and is adorned with statues of saints and other figures. The altarpiece is considered to be a masterpiece of Gothic art and is regarded as one of the most important works of art in the chapel.
Margaret's Chapel is open to the public during the day and is a popular destination for visitors to Salzburg interested in art and architecture. Guided tours of the chapel and the monastery are also available.
Festungsgasse is a street in Salzburg, Austria, near the Monastery of St. Peter and Margaret's Chapel. The road is located in the historic district of the city, and it is known for its beautiful architecture and its proximity to many of the city's famous landmarks.
The street is narrow and cobblestone, and it is lined with buildings that date back to the medieval and baroque eras. Many of the buildings on the road are decorated with intricate frescoes and sculptures, and some of them have been converted into museums, shops and restaurants.
One of the most notable buildings on Festungsgasse is the "Fürsterzbau", a palace built in the 16th century for one of the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg. The court is now a museum, and it is open to the public.
Festungsgasse is also home to the Salzburg Museum, a museum dedicated to the history and culture of Salzburg and the surrounding region. The museum is located in the "Neuhaus", a beautiful baroque palace that dates back to the 17th century.
The street is a popular destination for visitors to Salzburg who is interested in the city's history and culture. It is also a great place to experience the city's ambience, with its charming old buildings and narrow cobblestone streets.
Overall, Festungsgasse is a charming street that gives you a sense of the history and culture of Salzburg while also offering visitors a variety of cultural and recreational options nearby.
Such a fantastic view from Festungsgasse is of the Monastery of St. Peter and its church. Its beautiful baroque architecture can be seen from the street. The Monastery's church is also visible, and its bell tower can be seen from different street points.
Additionally, from Festungsgasse, visitors can enjoy views of the city's other famous landmarks, such as the Salzburg Cathedral, which is a beautiful baroque church that is located in the heart of the town, and the Salzach river, which runs through the city and can be seen from different points of the street.
The Nonnberg hund or dog on the Nonnberg High Trail is a weathered Romanesque lion stone that acts as a boundary stone between the property of the Benedictine Abbey of Nonnberg and the monastery of St. Peter.
Nonnberg Abbey (German: Nonnberg-Stift) is a Benedictine monastery in Salzburg, Austria. The abbey was founded in 714 AD by Saint Rupert, the patron saint of Salzburg, and is the oldest continuously inhabited nunnery in the world. The name Nonnberg means "Nun's mountain" in German.
The abbey is located on a hillside overlooking the city, and it is known for its beautiful baroque architecture and rich history. The abbey complex includes the church of Nonnberg, which is a lovely baroque church that is open to visitors, as well as the abbey's cloister, which is a peaceful garden that is open to visitors.
Nonnberg Abbey played an essential role in the religious and cultural life of Salzburg, and it is also known for its association with the famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. His wife, Constanze Weber, was a former abbey member, and the couple married in the church in 1782.
Today, Nonnberg Abbey is still home to a community of nuns who continue to live and worship in the abbey. Visitors can take guided tours of the sanctuary, which provide an exciting glimpse into the religious and cultural history of Salzburg and Austria.
Festungsberg, also known as the Hohensalzburg Fortress, offers several vantage points from which visitors can enjoy stunning views of Salzburg and the surrounding countryside.
One of the main vantage points on Festungsberg is the castle terrace, which is located on the southern side of the fortress and offers a panoramic view of the city and the surrounding mountains. The deck is accessible via the castle's elevator or a staircase, and it's a popular spot for taking photos.
Another vantage point is the castle's keep, which is the highest point of the fortress and offers a 360-degree view of the city and its surroundings. Visitors can access the keep by climbing a narrow staircase, and it is also a popular spot for taking photos.
Additionally, visitors can enjoy the view from the fortress walls, which offer an even more panoramic view of the city and its surroundings.
Overall, Festungsberg offers several vantage points from which visitors can enjoy stunning views of Salzburg and the surrounding countryside. It is a great place to take photos and enjoy the views of the city and its surroundings.
The Lodronbogen Gate is the main entrance to the Hohensalzburg Fortress. It's the only entrance on the Northern side of the fortress. It is a large, fortified gate built in the 16th century and features a drawbridge and a portcullis. It was named after the Lodron family, who were powerful nobles in Salzburg during the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The gate is part of the fortification system that surrounds the fortress, it is an impressive piece of medieval engineering and architecture, and it's a popular spot for tourists to take photos.
Wooden stairs are made for cats to help them get to the window.
A little bit further after the main entrance to Hohensalzburg Fortress visitors can purchase tickets with access to the fortress or online in advance, and there are different ticket options available.
A basic ticket grants access to the fortress and the Festungsmuseum, which includes exhibits on the fort's history and the city of Salzburg. An audio guide is included in the introductory ticket price.
There are also options for guided tours, which can be a great way to learn more about the history of the fortress and explore the different parts of the castle in more depth. These tours can be in various languages, and some of them include a visit to the Marionette Museum and the Golden Hall.
Additionally, there is a "Fortress Card" that includes admission to the fortress and the museum, as well as other benefits such as discounts on guided tours and the Marionette Museum.
It's worth noting that tickets to the fortress are valid for the whole day, so visitors can leave and return as they wish.
Please check the official website for specific prices, opening hours and ticket options, as these can vary depending on the time of year or special events.
The Trompeterturm (Trumpeter Tower) is located within the Hohensalzburg Fortress in Salzburg, Austria. It is situated on the southern side of the fortress and is part of the fortification system that surrounds the fort. The tower is known for its distinctive trumpet-shaped crenellations, which give it its name. The tower was built in the 16th century, and it is one of the most iconic towers of the fortress. It is often depicted in paintings and postcards of the fort. The tower offers excellent views of the city and the surrounding landscape. It's a great spot for visitors to take photos of the fortress and the city. The Trompeterturm is open to the public, and visitors can climb the tower as part of their visit to the fort.
The Mayor's Gate (also known as the Burgraventor) is one of the gates within the Hohensalzburg Fortress in Salzburg, Austria. It is located on the southern side of the fortress, opposite the main entrance, the Lodronbogen Gate. It is a smaller, fortified gate used by the Mayor of Salzburg and his officials to enter the fortress. It was built in the 16th century and is a part of the fortification system surrounding the defence. The Mayor's gate was also used as a secondary entrance for the public, and tourists visited it. This gate is not as grand as the main entrance, but it is an exciting feature of the fortress, and it's worth looking at.
The wooden-covered bridge above us is the Reisszug - a funicular railway. It is the oldest operational funicular railway in the world, and it connects the fortress to the city below. The railway was first built in the early 15th century, and it was used to transport goods and supplies up to the fort.
The story goes that in the 18th century, the Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg, Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, was so impressed by the newly invented funicular that he decided to build one within the fortress to improve the transportation of goods and supplies. He commissioned engineers to design and develop the funicular, but they were very surprised after they were enthusiastically told about the innovation, which was completed in 1504.
Anyway, the new funicular powered by water was built on another slop. Today this is an electric funicular, a short but steep ride during which visitors can learn about the history of the railway and the fortress. It is a great way to reach the fort, especially for those who prefer not to walk up the steep hill.
Today, the Reisszug is a popular tourist attraction, and it is a unique way to access the fortress. Visitors can purchase tickets to ride the railway as part of their visit to the fort.
The Schmiedturm (Blacksmith's Tower) is not a historical tower inside Hohensalzburg Fortress. It is a modern-day exhibit inside the Festungsmuseum (Fortress Museum) within the fortress. The exhibition is a reconstruction of a medieval blacksmith's workshop, where visitors can learn about the craft of blacksmithing in medieval times and see demonstrations of blacksmithing techniques. The exhibit also features a variety of medieval tools and equipment used by blacksmiths, including anvils, hammers, tongs, and more.
The Schmiedturm is an excellent way for visitors to learn about the history of blacksmithing and how blacksmiths worked in medieval times. It is a unique and interactive experience that provides visitors with a deeper understanding of the history of the fortress and the daily life of the people who lived and worked there.
It's a great addition to the Festungsmuseum, and it's an excellent opportunity to learn more about the skills that were necessary to build and maintain a fortress-like Hohensalzburg.
In the central courtyard of the Hohensalzburg Fortress in Salzburg, the Matthäus-Lang-Zisterne (Matthaeus Lang cistern) is located. It is a large cistern that was built in the 16th century to store water for the fortress in case of siege. The cistern is named after Matthäus Lang, who was the Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg and ordered its construction.
The cistern is a unique and impressive piece of medieval engineering. It is underground and has a capacity of around 1.5 million liters of water, it was built using the latest technology of the time and it was a vital part of the fortress's defense system.
The Matthäus-Lang-Zisterne is not a very well-known feature of the fortress and it's not always open to the public, but it's a great opportunity to learn more about the history of the fortress and the daily life of the people who lived and worked there. It is a unique and exciting attraction that provides visitors with a deeper understanding of the fortress's history and the importance of the water supply in medieval times.
After goods were transported to the Hohensalzburg Fortress via the Reisszug funicular railway, they were likely stored in various buildings and structures. One such building would have been the Grosse Zeughaus (Great Armoury), which was used to store weapons and armour for the fortress's garrison.
It is also possible that goods were stored in the various courtyards and bastions of the fortress, as these areas would have provided protection from the elements and would have been easily accessible for unloading and distributing the goods.
Overall, the fortress had different storage facilities and granaries, which were strategically placed to ensure that the goods would be kept safe and easily accessible for the people living inside the fortress.
The Kuenburg Bastion is a defensive structure within the Hohensalzburg Fortress in Salzburg, Austria. It is one of the bastions that make up the fortifications of the fortress, and it's located on the western side. The bastion was built in the 16th century, and it was a part of the fortification system that surrounded the fortress. It was used to defend the fort against attacks from the west.
The Kuenburg Bastion is not open to the public, and it is not accessible to visitors. However, it's visible outside and can be seen from the fortress walls. It is an impressive piece of medieval engineering, and it's a great example of the fortification technology used during the Middle Ages.
The viewpoint is incredible, and we have a short time to discuss the fortress's history.
Construction of the fortress began in the 11th century by the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg as a means of protecting the city and exerting its political power. The fort was expanded and reinforced over the centuries, becoming one of the largest and most impressive castles in Europe.
The Hohensalzburg Fortress has a rich history that spans over 900 years. Here is a brief chronological overview of its history:
1077: Construction of the Hohensalzburg Fortress begins by the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg
15th century: The fortress reaches its current size and shape by adding new fortifications, towers, and buildings.
16th century: The fortress underwent significant renovations and was reinforced to protect the city from invasions.
18th century: The fortress fell into disrepair and was used primarily as a prison.
19th century: The fortress was restored and opened to the public as a tourist attraction.
Today: The Hohensalzburg Fortress is a popular tourist attraction known for its well-preserved medieval architecture and impressive fortifications. It's a great place to learn about the history of the city and the role the fortress played in its past.
It's worth noting that the fortress and its fortifications were updated and reinforced over the centuries, so some current structures and features are not the original ones but reconstructions.
The Grosse Zeughaus (Great Armoury) is a building located within the Hohensalzburg Fortress in Salzburg, Austria. It was built in the 16th century and is one of the oldest and largest surviving armouries in Europe. The armoury was used to store weapons and armour for the fortress's garrison, and it's a great example of medieval military architecture.
The Grosse Zeughaus is now a museum, and it showcases a collection of medieval weapons and armour that were used by the soldiers who lived and fought in the fortress. The museum also includes interactive displays and exhibits that give visitors an understanding of the fortress's history and role in the city's defence. Visitors can see an impressive collection of swords, spears, pikes, halberds, crossbows, and many more, as well as armour, helmets, and armour for horses.
It is a must-see for history buffs and anyone interested in medieval warfare. It's an excellent opportunity to learn more about the history of the fortress and the weapons used during that time. The museum is open to the public, and visitors can purchase tickets to visit as part of their visit to the fortress.
St. George's Church is a Romanesque church located within the Hohensalzburg Fortress in Salzburg, Austria. It is believed to have been built in the 11th century and features a unique architectural style, with elements of both Romanesque and Gothic styles. The church is open to visitors and is known for its intricate carvings. It is also a popular venue for concerts and other cultural events.
There are several exciting stories and legends associated with St. George's Church. One popular myth is that the church was built on top of a dragon's lair and that the dragon was defeated by the church's patron saint, St. George. Another legend says that the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg built the church to symbolise their power and prestige.
Another story is that the church was used as a chapel for the prince-archbishops and was not open to ordinary people; instead, it was a place for the elite to pray and hold ceremonies.
One of the most notable features of the church is the frescoes that adorn its walls. These frescoes depict scenes from the life of Christ, as well as various saints and angels. They are considered some of the best examples of Romanesque frescoes in Austria and are a popular attraction for visitors to the church.
The church also served as a place of refuge during times of war and siege. The fortress was never taken by force, and the church and its inhabitants were always safe.
In summary, St. George's Church is a unique and fascinating place with a rich history and many exciting stories and legends. It is a must-see for anyone visiting Salzburg and the Hohensalzburg Fortress.
The Festungsmuseum, also known as the Fortress Museum, is located within the Hohensalzburg Fortress in Salzburg, Austria. The museum is dedicated to the history of the fortress and the city of Salzburg. It covers a wide range of topics, including the fortress's construction, its role in the city's history, and the everyday life of the people who lived and worked within its walls.
The museum features a variety of exhibits, including artefacts, documents, and interactive displays, that help visitors to understand the history of the fortress and the city of Salzburg. The exhibitions include weapons and armour, as well as everyday objects used by the people who lived in the fort, such as pottery, textiles, and tools.
The museum also includes a section dedicated to the history of the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg, who was the city's rulers during the Middle Ages and the early modern period. The area includes artefacts and documents that help visitors understand the role of the Prince-Archbishops in the city's history and the fortress.
The museum also features a section dedicated to the history of the fortress during World War I and the role it played in the war. The exhibits cover the defences used as a military base, as well as the impact of the war on the city and its people.
In summary, the Festungsmuseum is a great place to visit for anyone interested in the history of the Hohensalzburg Fortress and the city of Salzburg. It offers a wide range of exhibits and displays that provide a detailed look at the fortress's history and role in the city's past.
The Golden Chamber in the Festungsmuseum at Hohensalzburg Fortress in Salzburg is a luxurious and ornately decorated room that was used by the ruling princes and archbishops of Salzburg in medieval times. The chamber is known for its gilded walls and ceiling, intricate frescoes and other decorative elements.
The Hohensalzburg Fortress served as a residence of the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg, who were both spiritual and temporal leaders of the region and, as such, held significant power and influence over the city and its inhabitants. While there were undoubtedly conflicts and struggles for power between the ruling elite and the ordinary people, Because of the great plague epidemic, the archbishop gave the city council and nobles more extraordinary powers so that they could defeat the epidemic. After this event, the archbishop arranged a banquet where he invited the bourgeoisie of the city and held them there until they renounced their rights.
There were also peasant riots. During one of these, the crowd broke into the golden hall and tried to destroy everything that came in the way. One ornate column shows a chip left by the axe during that event.
The sleeping chambers were located within the palace section of the fortress and were used by the ruling princes and archbishops of Salzburg as their sleeping quarters. They were decorated with intricate wood carvings and other luxurious furnishings.
Medieval castles, including the Hohensalzburg Fortress, did not have the same types of heating systems that we have today. In the past, people relied on fireplaces and fireplaces hearths to provide warmth in the colder months. In the sleeping chambers of the Archbishop of Salzburg, a unique oven with stunning tiles includes heat.
Additionally, thick stone walls and small windows were used to warm the chambers by trapping heat inside and limiting drafts. Tapestries and heavy curtains were also used to insulate the room against the cold. Bedding would also have been made of thick materials, such as wool or feathers, to provide additional warmth.
It is also worth noting that during medieval times, people dressed in layers and had limited access to indoor heating, so they were accustomed to living in slightly cooler environments than we are today.
Finally, it's important to remember that the Hohensalzburg Fortress was a fortress, and as such, it was designed to withstand sieges and attacks. So, The warming systems were not a priority for the builders and the residents of the fortress.
At the same time, the fact that it was gorgeous and warm proves that As the spiritual and temporal leader of the region, the Archbishop of Salzburg held significant power and influence over the city and its inhabitants, and the sleeping chambers were a reflection of this power and prestige. The rooms were designed to impress and intimidate visitors, and they were meant to symbolise the wealth and authority of the Archbishop.
The bedchamber is located within the palace section of the fortress and is a well-preserved example of the luxurious living commodity of the ruling archbishops of Salzburg. It features intricate wood carvings and other decorative elements that give visitors a glimpse into the opulent lifestyle of the castle's former inhabitants. In those days, it was customary to sleep half-sitting. Only ordinary people were lying down. Sleeping sitting meant waning, not dying in a dream. By the way, there is a toilet in the bedroom. He faces the street with a balcony.
We are going further into the military section of the museum that is dedicated to the First World War. Beside the door stands the "Soldier in iron". During World War 1, similar figures such as Knights, served as an early form of public welfare (the iron soldier still standing in the town hall in the "Felder Strasse" in Vienna). In return for a donation, members of the public were allowed to hammer a nail into the wooden statue, the money collected, administered by the war welfare office, was used to support needy widows and orphans. The Salzburg soldier, linked to the local legend of Charlemagne in the Untersberg. Sculpted by the founder of the world-famous Marionette Theatre Anton Aicher during World War 1 the figure stood originally next to the Café Tomaselli kiosk. Archduke Ludwig Viktor, the youngest brother of Emperor Franz Joseph, donated the fitting of the waist strap tip.
Wars of independence after the French Revolution and the ambitions of European powers led to coalitions and Napoleonic wars. After the Congress of Vienna, Salzburg, independent until 1806, then periodically administered by Austria, France and Bavaria, finally became a permanent part of Austria. In 1817, the Salzburg Regiment was formed, which recruited soldiers from the Duchy of Salzburg and some parts of Upper Austria. From time to time, Hohensalzburg served as a garrison for a disciplined unit. The revolution of 1848/49 finally paved the way for civil society. During the revolutionary wars, the unit fought in Northern Italy and was partially involved in Hungary.
In 1848, Emperor Franz Joseph I ascended the throne. In 1852, he appointed Archduke Rainier Ferdinand commander-in-chief of the regiment. During the Danish War of 1864, Hohensalzburg was used to intern Danish officers. Frequent redeployment locations placed a garrison in Trento, Innsbruck and Bregenz. When Archduke Rainier died in 1913, Emperor Franz Joseph I decided that the regiment should forever bear the name of its former commander-in-chief.
World War I - caught a regiment in Galicia. The unit suffered heavy losses from the Russian Imperial Army near Rava Ruska and Krakow. The new weapons system, machine guns and mortars had fatal consequences. The new conditions required a new uniform. Since September 1915, the pike grey («gechtgrau») colour of the uniform has been replaced by field grey (greenish-grey, «feldgrau»). Camouflage has become better, and losses have decreased.
"Kuch" (Kitchen) Open fireplaces have always been a hazard. This is why large kitchens were often away from the places where people lived. Not so with this "lord's kitchen". It was directly next to the archbishop's rooms. The cook worked here only for the archbishop. Preparing meals produced drain water and rubbish. The cook threw drain water and rubbished out through the wail opening.
Look at this pretty list of goods in the castle from the middle ages:
Supplies in the Hohensalzburg Fortress for the princely household in 1526 Cistern Storerooms Winecellar two brewery buildings (for beer) Seven granaries with rye and wheat Austrian wine, more than 167,000 litres "All kinds of sweet wine" Malvasier Raifal Alsace Rhine wine Franconian wine Meat supplies 50 oxen, salted 100 oxen, livestock 30 calves, air-dried 200 laying hens 100 Hungarian sheep, air-dried ten dairy cows, livestock Seasoning and spices 8 pounds of saffron 42 pounds of pepper 16 pounds of ginger 2 pounds of cloves 2 pounds of nutmeg one hundredweight of almonds one hundredweight of grapes one hundredweight of figs 3 tonnes of honey three hundredweight of wax two casks of palm oil two barrels of linseed oil six hundredweight of rice two hundredweight of sugar
This hall tells about the different siege of the castle. One was especially interesting. Peasant uprisings were a frequent event in Salzburg, but the peasants could not enter the castle. They besieged the castle and hoped to starve the inhabitants. When there was only one bull left in the castle, it was put on the walls as a demonstration of food supplies. The next day, this bull was repainted black and exposed again. On the third day, the bull was painted white and presented again on the city wall. The besiegers decided that their efforts were in vain and lifted the siege.
Music in Salzburg was vital. The archbishop said Mass in the cathedral. Masses were said and sung in Latin. But there were also hymns in German for the people. The Franciscan Church was the parish church for the people of Salzburg. Processions and funeral cortèges started from the Franciscan Church. These processions were accompanied by musicians. Many people made pilgrimages to the Franciscan Church to see the Madonna statue made by Michael Pacher. St. Peter's Abbey was important in the Middle Ages. The monks wrote down pieces of music. This spread the music among the people. Their writings preserved knowledge of medieval music.
How did the archbishops live in the Hohensalzburg Fortress? The archbishops had an enjoyable life in the Hohensalzburg Fortress. Stoves provided warmth. Candles brought light into the rooms. There were even toilets. The Hohensalzburg Fortress was furnished with furniture, carpets, textiles, wall hangings, artworks. The Royal Apartments were particularly rich in furnishings. Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach ordered to arrange and design new rooms. Archbishop Leonhard also had a bathhouse built into the Hohensalzburg Fortress
The Reckturm is a tower located within the Hohenzollern Fortress (also known as the Festung Hohensalzburg) in Salzburg, Austria. The tower is one of the many defensive structures within the fortress, which was built in the 11th century and expanded and reinforced over the centuries. The Reckturm was built in the 14th century and was used as a prison. The tower is located on the south side of the fortress and is connected to the main palace by a covered bridge. The tower is a popular tourist attraction within the fortress, and visitors can climb to the top of the building to enjoy views of the city and the surrounding landscape.
From the top of the Reckturm in the Hohenzollern Fortress, you can enjoy panoramic views of the city of Salzburg and the surrounding landscape. From the tower, you can see the city of Salzburg and its landmarks, such as the Salzach River, the Old Town, and the dome of the Salzburg Cathedral. The fortress sits atop a hill, so you can also see the surrounding mountains including the Untersberg and the Tennengebirge. On a clear day, you may be able to see as far as the Bavarian Alps. The top of the Reckturm also offers a great opportunity to take photographs of the city and the fortress. It's a great way to experience the rich history and culture of Salzburg, while enjoying the beautiful views.