Places to visit

My trip in Jerusalem of Oct 24, 2018


Description:

Pedestrian street Mamila with sculptures of modern artists, the Yafsky Gate and the Arch of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Saladin Mosque and the monasteries of the Old City. A drinking establishment with a real oriental coffee ceremony and Via Dolorosa is the most famous street of Old Jerusalem. Temple of the Holy Sepulcher and the Wailing Wall. It was wonderful adventure! Translated with Google Translate

Author & Co-authors
Evgeny Praisman (author)
Здравствуйте! Добро пожаловать в мои экскурсии! Я как-то понял, что погулять с каждым я не успею, гулять в группах мало кому сейчас хочется, а гулять «вслепую» быстро становится скучно. Так и появилась идея записывать маршруты и создавать полноценные путеводители, которые я здесь собираю. Если вы попали сюда, значит вам нужен ключик, чтобы открыть маршрут – пожалуйста! Напишите мне сообщение на телефон +972 537907561 или на epraisman@gmail.com и я с радостью вам помогу! Иначе, зачем я всё это делаю?
evamedical.ru
Distance
3.78 km
Duration
7h 52 m
Likes
2
Places with media
35
1
Alrov Mamilla Avenue
Alrov Mamilla Avenue

The name of the street "Mamila" comes from the name of the ancient reservoir. During its construction it was necessary to dismantle the ancient buildings. So that they could be restored for certain, each stone was numbered. Translated with Google Translate

2
Golda mamilla
Golda mamilla

Along the street there are modern shops and artists' artworks. Translated with Google Translate

3
MARC CAIN
MARC CAIN

Sculptures can be bought. On the pedestals under them are signs with contacts of artists. Translated with Google Translate

4
קפה רימון ממילא Cafe Rimon
קפה רימון ממילא Cafe Rimon

You cannot come to Jerusalem, you can only go up. This is how the Hebrew language works - reflecting the culture and philosophy of attitudes towards Jerusalem. Therefore, even with the device of the modern street, the staircases were created, which allow you to climb into the eternal city. Translated with Google Translate

5
Jaffa Gate Jerusalem
Jaffa Gate Jerusalem

The Jaffa Gate of the Old City in Jerusalem got its name from the road to the port of Jaffa and the Mediterranean coast that starts here. To the right of the gate in 1898, the Turks made a wide gap, which is visible even now, so that Kaiser Wilhelm could freely enter the city in his carriage. Translated with Google Translate

6
Jaffa gate
Jaffa gate

In 1917, the commander of British troops, General Allenby, entered the Old City through the Jaffa Gate on foot in deference to the city and wanting to avoid comparison with the Kaiser. Translated with Google Translate

7
Jaffa gate
Jaffa gate

Here, exactly where a taxi passes, the German Kaiser entered the city and entered the English general. Translated with Google Translate

8
Versavee Restaurant, Bar & Cafe
Versavee Restaurant, Bar & Cafe

In the courtyard of the hotel Bathsheba, aerial photography of Jerusalem, the beginning of XX century. It was made by the Germans from a zeppelina. Translated with Google Translate

9
Rosary Sisters School
10
St Nikolai monastery
St Nikolai monastery

Monastery of St. Nicholas in the Christian part of the Old Town. Translated with Google Translate

11
Greek patriarhiya
Greek patriarhiya

In the courtyard of the Heresy Patriarchate you can see the bell cast in the Samghin factories in Moscow and intended for the bell tower of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher Translated with Google Translate

12
Arch of virgin mary
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

This small laid medieval arch is called the Arch of the Virgin Mary. She, at the time of the Crusaders, led into that part of the temple, which was a rather dark gallery, known as the “Arches of the Virgin Mary. The name and mysterious decoration of this gallery reminds that Maria visited the grave of her son. Today it can only be penetrated from inside the temple. It contains small crusader pilasters and other residues from earlier designs. Translated with Google Translate

13
Mosque of saladin
Mosque of saladin

The mosque is located in the former palace of the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem. After the crusaders delivered Jerusalem to Salah al-Din (Saladin) in 1187, this palace was turned into a religious school and the Al-Salahiyah mosque called Salah al-Din. The minaret was built only in 1417. Its height exceeds the height of the bell tower of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher - so it should be in the Muslim city. Translated with Google Translate

14
Via Dolorosa XIII station
Via Dolorosa XIII station

The Greek inscription on the wall reads "Jesus Christ is victorious." The tradition of the eighth stop is connected with this place, where Christ turned his speech to the grieving daughters of Jerusalem: “Daughters of Jerusalem! Do not cry for Me, but cry for yourself and your children.” Translated with Google Translate

15
Monastery of st Harlampios
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

"The Kharlampiev monastery was built again in the 1840s. It is located on the same street as the Archangel Monastery below the Doomsday Gate. In the church, the iconostasis is simple, icons of mediocre work. Simon of Cyrene is hurt to bear the cross, the crowd of people and his wife are visible, Golgotha ​​is visible ahead. Near the monastery the ancient building of the times of the Crusaders was recently bought by the Patriarch and is also being remade to house the worshipers: Bulgarians and Greeks. " Archimandrite Leonid (Cavelin) Old Jerusalem and its environs. From the notes of the monk-pilgrim. (50th years of the 19th century) Translated with Google Translate

16
Via Dolorosa XII station
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

Jesus was taken outside the walls of Jerusalem. In this place the fortress wall of that time passed and there were gates in them. At these gates they announced the accusation: he impersonated the king of the Jews, and therefore he rebelled against the authority of the Roman emperor. According to a later legend, here Jesus fell a second time, stumbling over the threshold of the Doomsday (the Russian Orthodox Church believes that this gate is located on the neighboring Alexander courtyard). At the entrance you can see the base of the column, which stood on the main Roman street Cardo, which appeared in Jerusalem after the destruction and restructuring of the city by the emperor Hadrian. Translated with Google Translate

17
Hashemi
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

I love this drinking establishment. Here is served coffee at the local spill: In a stick, with cardamom and a glass of vyd and sesame biscuits. It is all good neighborly on a handmade copper tray. And the numerous coins of Palestine during the English rule, which play the main role in the decoration of the interior, remind of the times when drinking kofe, slowly discussing the news of the morning newspapers was an essential ritual of everyday life. Translated with Google Translate

18
Via Dolorosa XI station
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

The western tradition of the church says that in this place a woman came to Jesus and wiped the sweat from his face. The features of Jesus's face were etched on a scarf. The woman’s name was Berenice, a Jewish name at the time. But we know better the name Veronica. On the one hand, this is a transcription of the name Berenice into European languages, on the other hand, it is a combination of the words "vera" ("true" in Latin) and "icon" ("image" in Greek). One of the later traditions suggests that Veronica’s handkerchief was transported to Rome in order to heal the emperor Tiberius, and was subsequently stored there. On the right is the entrance to the Convent of the Younger Sisters of the Servants of Jesus. There is another version of the history of the scarf. In Russian, the Savior is not made by hands. Legends about the image of the hands are traced in Syrian sources from the IV century. They say that the non-hand-made image of Christ was sealed for the king of Edessa (Mesopotamia, modern city Шанanlıurfa, Turkey) Augustus V Ukkamy after the artist sent them failed to portray Christ: Christ washed his face, wiped him with a fee , which left an imprint, and handed it to the artist. Thus, according to the legend, Mandilion became the first icon in history. Translated with Google Translate

19
Via Dolorosa V station

“And when they led him away, they seized a certain Simon of Cyrene, who was coming from the field, and laid a cross upon him to carry with Jesus” (Luke, 23). “And when they led him away, they seized a certain Simon of Cyrene, who was coming from the field, and laid a cross upon him to carry with Jesus” (Luke, 23). The practice of Roman legionnaires allowed passers-by to help convicts to death carry their cross. Apparently, we are talking about one of the crossbars of the cross. Another, continued to carry themselves convicted. The building of the chapel is quite modern. In the corner of the wall there is an ancient smooth stone with a recess. According to Christian tradition, this deepening appeared when Jesus touched the wall of the ancient house with his palm. For centuries, thousands of palms of palms, touching and stroking this stone, made this deepening even deeper. The chapel standing here belongs to the Franciscans. This is evidenced by the symbols of the Franciscan Order: "Jerusalem Cross" with four small crosses in the sectors of an equilateral big crucifix and a bas-relief depicting Christ’s hand and St. Francis’s hand crossed between them and a dove symbolizing the Holy Spirit. Translated with Google Translate

20
Via Dolorosa III station
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

The third station shows the event of the fall of Jesus under the weight of the cross. This event is not mentioned in the Gospels, but the allegory of the burden of the cross is seen in the book of the prophet Isaiah: But He took upon Himself our infirmities and suffered our diseases; and we thought, [that] He was struck down, punished and humiliated by God. But He was wounded for our sins, and tormented for our iniquities; the punishment of our world [was] upon Him, and with His wounds we are healed. We all wandered like sheep, everyone turned into his own way: and the Lord laid the sins of us all on Him. At the place of the third stop there is a small chapel belonging to the Armenian church. Translated with Google Translate

21
Via Dolorosa III - IV stations
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

Along with the Third Station - the first fall of Jesus under the weight of the cross, the church dedicated to the Meeting with the Mother was built at the end of the 19th century by the Armenian Apostolic Church on the site of the former Turkish baths. Since there is a historical Armenian community in Poland and considerable donations in Poland were collected for the creation of the third and fourth stops, these places are of great importance for the Polish people. Thus, the third stop is connected with a small early chapel of Armenians by Catholics from Poland, and at the altar of the fourth station is the work of Polish sculptor Zelinsky. Translated with Google Translate

22
Greek Orthodox monastery
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

Here is the Greek Orthodox Church dedicated to the prison of Jesus (or Pretoria). The staircase leads to the basement of a small church, in the altar of which is kept a cross. With this cross, the Patriarch of Jerusalem (or Metropolitan) heads the annual procession on Good Friday. The Orthodox procession begins here, in Via Dolorosa, at the door of Pretoria, and ends at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher - on the stairs leading to Calvary. Translated with Google Translate

23
Via Dolorosa IV station
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

The fourth stop on the Way of the Cross tells the story of the meeting of Jesus with his mother, the Holy Virgin Mary, along the path of Christ to Calvary. This event is not mentioned in the Gospels and is a tradition associated with medieval traditions about the Cross of the Cross. It is customary to relate the words of Luke from the Scripture to the fourth stop: And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, His Mother: This is this One to fall and to the many people in Israel and to the subject of wrangling, and the Weapon itself will pass the soul, thoughts of many hearts. The third and fourth stops are interconnected passage under the building, where one can see traces of the excavations of Jerusalem during the Byzantine rule. Translated with Google Translate

24
Ecce homo convent
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

The church of Ecce Homo is a man, located on the cross way of Via Dolorosa, and was built during the creation of a joint project of the Monastery of the Sisters of Zion (Order of Our Lady of Zion) by the Ratisbon brothers. The church was built around the small northern arch of the large three-arch arch, which determined the entrance to the Roman Forum of the times of the emperor Hadrian. The central large arched vault is still visible on Via Dolorosa, as if connecting two houses on both sides of the street. There was a tradition linking this arch with an arch in the square in front of Anthony's fortress, where, in accordance with the Gospel of John, Jesus was brought to the square: but in Hebrew, Gabbatha. Then it was the Friday before Easter, and about the sixth hour. And [Pilate] said to the Jews, "Behold, your King!" At the same time, the mentioned arch was built by the Romans for about 100 years after the events described by John. Translated with Google Translate

25
I station Via Dolorosa. Church of the Condemnation and Imposition of the Cross
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

This place has several stone slabs belonging to the pavement of Jerusalem since the emperor Hadrian. It is not difficult to assume that this pavement was erected on the site of a more ancient street, which suggests that this place could be the geographical area in front of Pretoria, where Jesus was pilat. These events are narrated in the gospel of Matthew: Jesus, however, became the ruler. And the governor asked him: Are you the King of the Jews? Jesus said to him: you say. And when the high priests and elders accused him, he answered nothing. Then Pilate said to him: Do you not hear how much they testify against you? And he did not answer him with a single word, so that the governor marveled greatly. On Easter, the ruler had the custom to let the people of one prisoner, whom they wanted. They then had a famous prisoner, called Barabbas; so, when they were gathered, Pilate said to them: Whom do you want me to let go of you: Barabbas, or Jesus, called Christ? for he knew that they had betrayed him out of envy. Meanwhile, as he was sitting at the judgeship, his wife sent him to say: do not do anything to the Righteous Tom, because now in a dream I suffered a lot for Him. But the chief priests and elders stirred up the people to ask for Barabbas, and to kill Jesus. Then the governor asked them: which of the two you want me to release to you? They said: Barabbas. Pilate says to them: What then shall I do to Jesus, who is called Christ? They all say to him, Let him be crucified. The ruler said: What evil did he do? But they shouted even more: let him be crucified. Pilate, seeing that nothing helped, but confusion increased, he took water and washed his hands before the people, and said: I am innocent of the blood of this Righteous One; look you. The red path or road of suffering Via Dolorosa in its modern direction was finally formed in the 18th century. Over the centuries, since the dawn of Christianity, various ways of pilgrimage have existed in Jerusalem. The first station - The Condemnation of Jesus was not withdrawn to a separate station, in contrast to the modern second station - the stop of the Flagellation. Translated with Google Translate

26
Franciscan Museum & School
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

The museum is better known under the name Franciscan Museum. The excavations carried out on the territory of modern churches, before their construction in the 19th and early 20th centuries, tells the story of the origin of the tradition associated with the second station of the Cross of the Cross - the modern Church of the Flagellation. The museum is located at the Catholic school and research center. Near the Condemnation Church in the courtyard of the complex is the mock-up of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus Christ. The layout is based on medieval paintings and ideas about ancient Jerusalem, which initiated archaeological research on the site of churches. The layout is more reminiscent of romantic representations fragmentary confirmed by the excavations, however, the picture of Jerusalem is given very clearly, and the layout can be perceived as reflecting the true picture of things. Translated with Google Translate

27
II Station Via Dolorosa Monastery of the Flagellation
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

The events of the abuse of Jesus are described in the Gospel of Matthew: Then the soldiers of the governor, taking Jesus into the praetorium, gathered the whole regiment on Him and, stripping Him, put on a purple robe; and, making a crown of thorns, they put a reed on His head and gave Him a reed in His right hand; and, kneeling before Him, mocked Him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! and spat on Him and, taking a cane, beat Him on the head. And when they had mocked Him, they took the robe off from Him, and put Him on His robes, and led Him to crucify. Here Jesus begins the journey to Gallgofu and carries his cross. This station, or the stop of the cross, is one of the most ancient, canonized in the Christian world. The Church of the Flagellation was erected by the famous Catholic architect of the Holy Land, Antonio Barluzzi. The church is famous for its ascetic decoration and the central dome with a mosaic image of a crown of thorns. Translated with Google Translate

28
Alexander Compound in Jerusalem
Alexander Compound in Jerusalem

Alexander Compound in Jerusalem was created in the 19th century on land acquired by the Imperial Orthodox Palestinian Society (IOPS), created by decree of Alexander II in 1882, after the tragic death of his elder brother, the Emperor of the Russian Empire, Alexander II. The rector of the society was the son of Alexander II, Prince Sergei - the future governor of Moscow. Translated with Google Translate

29
Alexander Compound in Jerusalem
Alexander Compound in Jerusalem

After the canonization of the family of Nicholas II, in 2000, a special room and an icon appeared in the Alexander courtyard. Translated with Google Translate

30
Alexander Compound in Jerusalem
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

Prince Sergei was assassinated by the anarchist Kalyaev during the first Russian revolution of 1905. His wife, Elizaveta Fedorovna, becomes the most well-known guardian and trustee of charitable organizations of the company, as well as its leader. On July 18, 1918, she and her cellist, nun Varvara, died in a mine in a mine in Siberia. Her body was delivered to Harbin, and then put to rest in the church of Mary Magdalene on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. Here is the Elbow of the Elizabeth Kivot, and next to it is the Sergius of Radonezhskiy kivot, whose name was given to Sergei Alexandrovich, after the father's oath from the icon of the saint to call his son Sergei. On the opposite wall there is a painting indicating the way to the calvary from the threshold of the Doomsday - the gate of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus Christ. Translated with Google Translate

31
Alexander Compound in Jerusalem
Alexander Compound in Jerusalem

A narrow opening in the ancient stone wall is considered to be the needle eye. This is a small hike, near the main gate of the ancient city, which residents could use when the gate was locked for the night. Black plates with names in gold letters mention the names of families who donated money to purchase land and build buildings. Translated with Google Translate

32
Saint Jacob Church
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

Right next to the bell tower of the temple is the entrance to the Church of the Forty Sebastian martyrs - Roman soldiers - martyrs from Sebastia, who renounced paganism and were burned for their Christian faith. At the entrance there is an open courtyard - this is also a church and it is dedicated to the Women of the Myrrh-Bearers. Only the iconostasis is protected by a small visor. In the middle of the courtyard there is a white marble ciborium, which symbolizes the place where the Resurrected Jesus Christ appeared to St. Mary Magdalen. Translated with Google Translate

33
Saint Jacob Church
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

Here, in the church of Jacob (son of Joseph), the brother of the Lord, which is the parish church for the Orthodox of Jerusalem, in its western part, in the narthex, is the miraculous icon of the Mother of God. She is in the place of the one from which, according to legend, was the voice of Mary of Egypt. Mary, being a sinner, became a righteous woman when she came with pilgrims from Egypt to Jerusalem to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Becoming righteous, Mary went to the wilderness of Judah, where she and Merla had one day, having found forgiveness and repose of the soul. Translated with Google Translate

34
Yeshivat Netiv Aryeh
Yeshivat Netiv Aryeh

Exit to the square in front of the Wailing Wall Translated with Google Translate

35
Western wall
Uploaded by Evgeny Praisman

Judaism does not imply the holiness of any specific place, the whole universe is holy - the creation of the Creator. At the same time, the Jerusalem Temple was the only place of prayer and service of the whole people, where the concept of cult, national community and spiritual purity was sacred. The first Temple of Jerusalem was built by King Solomon in the 10th century BC. ne After the destruction of the First Temple of Nebuchadnezzar in the 6th century BC, the Jews, returning from their captivity, erected the Second Temple of Jerusalem, which existed until the 70th year of the first century AD. when was destroyed by the Romans. Approximately 80 years before the destruction of the Temple by Roman troops under the command of the future emperor of the Roman Empire - Titus, King Herod the Great erected retaining walls around the temple mountain, expanding and leveling the area around the Temple and creating an architectural complex of unprecedented scale and beauty. These walls exist to this day. The section of the western wall has been a place of prayer since the 2nd century AD. and continues to be so to this day. Today this place is known as the Wailing Wall. The first and second temples were destroyed on the same day of the calendar - 9 Av. This is the day of mourning, in which near the Western Wall mourn the destruction of the temple. This tradition has led to the fact that in many languages, the Western Wall has been called the Wailing Wall. The tradition of leaving notes in the gaps between the stones of the wall, goes back to the Jewish sage Rabbi Haim Ben Atar, who commanded his disciple to do so, who soon descended to grace. It is said that the act of writing a note forms a person’s faith and hope, which materializes due to the collective energy of good, faith and love that can work wonders. Millions of people from all over the world come to Jerusalem every year to see the Wailing Wall and write a note or simply ask the Almighty for well-being and prosperity. Translated with Google Translate

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