All the most famous sights of the city in one day. Walk in the Park Guell - one of the most famous projects of Gaudi, Sagrada Famil - the main cathedral of the city is an architectural miracle of the XX century. Plaza of Spain and the fountains of Montjuic, Plaza of Barcelona, and a walk along the Rambla - the main pedestrian street of the city to the Columbus Monument and the port. Photos source: Pixabay, Google Street View
Metro station Barceloneta. Here you need to buy a ticket T10. It costs 7.60 euros and will accompany you all day. This travel card allows you to make up to 10 trips on various types of urban transport. Every time you enter the subway or bus, you need to attach a ticket to the electronic device and the trip will be written off. All trips that were made within an hour are considered as one trip. Thus, the electronic system itself recognizes how many trips to write off from the pass each time it is used. Your detailed itinerary takes into account the travel time of the metro and bus and, by and large, you can make up to 4 trips. But if you buy each ticket separately, it will cost 2.20 and time will be spent at each metro station or on the bus. Thus, a single ticket T10 is more profitable. It saves time and money. Another advantage is that if you want to walk longer in a particular place, you are not limited to only 4 trips and can safely exceed the number of trips to 10. Payment is made in the machines with a card or in cash.
The direction of movement on the L4 line is the yellow line towards the end station Trinitat Nova. You need to get off at Joanic station
At this stop, you need to get off. Continue on foot, a little uphill. There will be comfortable stairs.
Entrance to the Park Guell. Information and cost details below. At the end of the 19th century, the Catalan industrialist Eusebius Güell Bacigalupi returned to Barcelona after his stay in England with the intention of building a garden city in the English manner for the Catalan bourgeoisie. For this purpose, the Can Muntaner de Dalt plot of land, which he acquired in 1899, intended. He attracted to the project, which included the construction of sixty houses with gardens and all internal infrastructure, Antoni Gaudi. In 1914, work was stopped and the project was not completed.
Only two of the planned houses have been completed: the house of Dr. Trias and Domaneha and the house, which is currently the Gaudi House Museum. These three houses were supposed to set an example and motivate potential buyers and investors. Eusebius Guell himself was the owner of these houses. A mockup of the entire complex was designed by the architect Frances Berenger of Mestres, the construction was to be carried out by the contractor Josep Casanovas of Pardo, and the signature on the whole project was Gaudi himself. The project was promising, beautiful, innovative, but did not attract buyers. In 1906, Gaudi himself bought the first house and lived there with his father and niece. His father died the same year, and his niece in 1912. Since then, Gaudi lived there alone until the end of 1925, until, a few months before his death in 1926, he moved to the workshop of the Sagrada Familia Basilica, a project that captured Gaudi completely to the remainder of his days. Gaudi bequeathed, after his death, to transfer this house to the Foundation of the Board of La Sagrada Família, who sold it to the Chiappo Arietti couple, in order to increase funding for Saghrda Familia. In 1960, the Association of Friends of Gaudi began a campaign to buy the house from the descendants of Chiappo Arietti, and turn it into a Gaudi museum. Three years later, it was opened as the Gaudi House Museum. Josep Maria Garrat was its chairman. In 1992, the house was transferred to the Building Council of the Foundation La Sagrada Familia.
The central point of the park is the huge Plaza de la Naturaloulez, with an oval shape 86 meters long and 43 meters wide. It was built between 1907 and 1913. According to the original plan, the central square was supposed to be a Greek theater, which could be used to meet and celebrate cultural and religious events. On its outer side, there is a chute, decorated with gargoyles in the shape of lion heads, in order to divert excess rainwater, as well as triglyphs with motifs of flowing water. On the outer perimeter, which serves as a balcony, there is a wavy-shaped bench 110 m long. It is covered with small pieces of ceramics and glass - the work of Josep Maria Juola. The undulation of the bench gives a sequence of concave and convex modules with a length of 1.5 m each. A large part of the bench is decorated with a ceramic decor resembling Dadaist or surrealist collages. They usually carry abstract motifs, but also some figurative elements, such as zodiac signs, stars, flowers, fish, or crabs. The architect also included roses in honor of the Virgin Mary and allegorical phrases in Catalan and Latin, as well as crosses and the letter J from Jujol. Trenzada were built from household garbage: tiles, bottles, and pieces of dishes. The colors of blue, green, and yellow that symbolize for Gaudi Vera, Hope and Mercy prevail throughout the complex. This area is not asphalted, because the water that it collects from the sediments is collected and sent through the columns that support it to an underground reservoir with a volume of 1200 m3, in order to subsequently use it to irrigate the park. The excess water goes to the dragon sculpture, which was supposed to greet visitors to the park with a fountain. There was also an attempt by Guell to establish the sale of this water in 1913 under the brand name SARVA (Sar and Ba are two Sanskrit signs, the initials Śiva and Viṣṇu, Hindu gods, which mean everything.
Below the square is the “Hypostyle Hall” or the Hall of the Hundred Columns, also called the “Doric Temple”. It was built between 1908 and 1909 as a market for a residential area. However, it never happened. Even though the hall is called the hall of 100 columns, it consists of 86 columns with a height of 6.16 m and a diameter of 1.20 m, made of concrete and crushed stone, imitating marble. Originally, this room had 90 columns, but Gaudi eliminated four of them and replaced them with free space. Four large round panels were placed in the form of rosettes with a diameter of 3 m. They, according to the plan of the architect, represent the four seasons of the year, depicting the sun. They are complemented by 14 small panels in the center of the arch with a diameter of one meter, which represent the lunar cycle.
From the room Hipostil (Hall 100 columns) descend stairs, built between 1900 and 1903. Divided into two branches, it has 45 steps. In the central part there are fountains representing, among others, the Catalan countries: Northern Catalonia (French) and Southern Catalonia (Spanish). In this fountain, Gaudi placed the circle as a symbol of peace and a compass as a symbol of the architect. The second fountain contains the shield of Catalonia and the snake as a symbol of medicine. The third source is a dragon or salamander. There are different versions of its meaning: it can be an alchemical salamander, which symbolizes the element of fire; the mythological python of the temple of Delphi; or crocodile, which appears on the emblem of the city of Nimes, where Guell grew up. This figure has become the emblem of the garden and one of the symbols of Barcelona.
Getting off the bus and transfer to the metro line L3 green. You need to go towards the end station Zona Universitaria, two stops to Diagonal station and there change to the blue line L5 in the direction of the end station Vall d’Hebron, go two stops to the station Sagrada Familia
Sagrada Família (Sagrada Família), simply known as Sagrada Familia, is the main Catholic cathedral in Barcelona, the construction of which took place in 1882 according to the design of the architect Antonio Gaudi. Srbrp is still under construction. This masterpiece of architecture is the most visited church in Europe after the Basilica of San Pedro del Vaticano. Gaudi worked on this project for most of his professional career, but especially in recent years, when he was able to achieve perfect harmony in the relationship between structural and decorative elements, between plastic and aesthetics, between function and form, he managed to achieve the integration of all the arts into a structured and logical integer.
Gaudi applied all his discoveries to the Sagrada Familia, previously tested in Parc Güell. This temple has three facades dedicated to the Birth, Greatness and Glory of Jesus, and when it is completed, it will have 18 towers. The highest will reach 172.5 meters in height. During the life of Gaudi, only the crypt, the apse, and, in part, the facade of Christmas was completed.
Sagrada Familia is also widely known as the “Cathedral of the Poor” because of the eponymous painting by the modernist artist Joaquin Mira. According to some estimates, based on the achievements of modern technologies and the growing number of donations, it is predicted that its construction could end in 2026. Besides everything else, it will be the year of the hundredth anniversary of the death of Gaudi.
It will be very pleasant and beautiful to walk around the Plaza de Gaudi (in Catalan and officially: Gaudi Square) - this is a garden square in the Ensanche district of Barcelona, opposite the facade of the Nativity of the Sagrada Familia. Here you can make the most beautiful photos.
Sagrada Familia was conceived by the Catholic community as a place where people will be begging for sins, people who are not able to free themselves from their vices. For repentance, a site was chosen on the outskirts of the city, where goats and geese were grazing. It was here that Gaudi began to create the crown of his work and one of the modern wonders of the world.
Gaudi Avenue (Avenida Gaudí) is popular with travelers visiting the City individually. There is limited traffic, there are many local restaurants and cafes, and the abundance of small local shops are a delight for shopping. Walking along the avenue one can make beautiful photos of the perspectives of Saglrada Familia and not forget to look at the lampposts adorning the avenue. They were created in 1909 by the Pere Falkes project in the Art Nouveau style.
This place is not a crappy Tapas Bar, and if you don’t like the tourist places, you choose to eat where the locals are - you are here. Like the endless variety of tapas, the history of the name of this dish is just as endless. Here are some of them. The word "tapas" comes from the Spanish / Portuguese verb "tapar", "show up", akin to English "put on top". In Spain, until the 19th century, tapas were served in snack bars or wine cellars, inviting guests to get acquainted with the "summary of the dish." Since few owners could write, and few of the guests could read, in the eatery they offered their guests a selection of available dishes on tapas. If you read the book “The Joys of Cooking,” in the original tapas were thin slices of bread or meat that were served to sherry in Andalusian taverns. They were salty, which activated thirst and the bartender heard the longing: "Lei more!". Tapas eventually became as important as sherry. There are many tapas competitions in Spain, but there is only one National Tapas competition, which is celebrated every year in November. Since 2008, the city of Valladolid and the International School of Culinary Art introduced the International Tapas Competition for Culinary Schools.
The entrance to the metro station San Pau / Dos de Maig is the blue line L5. Drive towards the final stop Vall d’Hebron to the pedestrian station at La Sagrera station. At La Sagrera, take the red line L1. At La Sagrera station, take the red line L1 towards the Hospital de Belvitge terminus. Take the Espanya stop.
The Plaza of Spain in Barcelona is one of the most emblematic places in the Catalan capital. It was built during the 1929 International Exhibition. This is the second largest square in Spain, after the Spanish Square in Madrid.
Venetian towers were created as landmarks of the entrance to the territory of the 1929 exhibition. Their popular name is associated with the similarity with the bell tower of the church of San Marcos in Venice. The towers have a height of 47 meters. Although both towers were to be dismantled after the exhibition, they were preserved.
The fountain at the foot of Mount Mozhik was built on the occasion of the 1929 International Exhibition. Construction work lasted less than a year. The fountain was not used for many years, but in the 80s music was created for the movement of water, and shortly before the 1992 Olympic Games, the fountain was fully restored.
From here there is a magnificent view of the entire architectural ensemble of the cascade of fountains and the Spanish Square. And in antiquity at this place were events related to the fortress Ciutadella. In 1715, there were gallows. The modern look of the square was designed in 1915, and construction was completed in 1929.
This square is named after Josep Puig i Cadafalch (October 17, 1867 - Barcelona, December 21, 1956). He was a Catalan contemporary architect of Gaudi. Although Pooja’s style was far removed from Gaudi, their relationship was neither strained nor problematic. From 1942 until his death in 1956, he was president of an academic institution of the Catalan language.
Arenas de Barcelona, also known as Las Arenas, is a commercial, leisure, and cultural center, opened in 2011 and located in a renovated building of the old Las Arenas Arena on the square. The original building, opened in 1900, was the arena where the bridge was held. In 1977, it was decided to terminate the coorid in Catalonia. Today it houses the Museum of Rock with the Jordi Tardà collection. The complex has a floating terrace with a flexible roof, which forms a platform with a panoramic view. The first floor connects the complex with the metro station of Spain
Again, the entrance to the subway on the red line L1 in the direction of the final stop Fondo. Go to the station Catalunya.
Until the walls of the city were dismantled, the space occupied by this square was an esplanade on the outskirts of the city directly in front of the main gate, from which the roads opened onto nearby cities. This made the area an ideal place for markets and made it an important place in the life of the city.
Las Ramblas (La Rambla) in Barcelona is the most famous and famous street in the city. It is believed that if you did not walk on the Rambla - you were not in Barcelona. The length of this street is only 1.2 km. It passes through the city center. There are a lot of kiosks, restaurants, bars and various street performances, as well as thousands of people along the Ramblas until early morning
Columbus Monument was built in honor of the discoverer of Christopher Columbus and is installed at the junction between Las Ramblas and Paseo de Colon, opposite the old port of Barcelona. The author of the project was the architect Caetano Buigas. The monument was built on the occasion of the World Exhibition in Barcelona in 1888 and was opened on June 1, 1888. Soon it became one of the most famous symbols of the city. Inside the column, there is an elevator that allows you to climb into the hemisphere, located under the feet of the statue, from which a panorama of the city opens.