Constitution Square (Ploshcha Konstytutsii) is in the Pechersk district of Kyiv, near the Verkhovna Rada and Mariinsky Palace. Established in the early 19th century, the square was initially called Mariinsky Square, named after the nearby Mariinsky Palace, which was built in the mid-18th century as a residence for the Russian Empress Elizabeth.
During the Soviet era, the square was renamed Soviet Square (Radyanska Ploshcha) to reflect the new political ideology. Following Ukraine's independence in 1991, the court was renamed Constitution Square to commemorate the adoption of the Ukrainian Constitution in 1996 and symbolise the country's commitment to democratic principles and the rule of law.
The appearance of the square and its surroundings has changed significantly over the past century. In the early 20th century, Constitution Square was surrounded by various buildings, including the Mariinsky Palace, which served as a residence for visiting Russian royals, and later as a proper venue for the Soviet and Ukrainian governments. During the Soviet period, several new buildings were constructed, such as the Verkhovna Rada building and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine building.
Today, Constitution Square is surrounded by several notable government buildings, including the Verkhovna Rada, the Mariinsky Palace, and the House of the Cabinet of Ministers. The square is an important site for political events, official ceremonies, and public gatherings, reflecting the ongoing development and transformation of Kyiv's urban landscape and its political history.