This is the beginning of the embankment Margolin. Pinchas Margolin was one of the founders of the Bat Galim quarter and initiated the construction of a "Country Club" - reminded of the gloomy ruins on the seashore. The name "Casino" was firmly established behind this house. However, the Casino did not exist in it for a minute. In the 30s of the 20th century, there was a swimming pool, a restaurant, dance floors, and shops as is customary in respected urban centers. English officers liked to visit here, and almost for the whole of Haifa, this place was a benchmark of cultural life and quality leisure. In the 1950s, business declined, giving way to other centers, and later the building was completely abandoned.
It was fashionable to build mansions along the embankment in the 30s; unfortunately, most of these buildings fell into disrepair due to the proximity to the sea. Only decades later, when the Bat Galim quarter got a second life at the beginning of the 21st century, under scrupulous restoration and renovation. This process made it possible to buy out historic buildings and carry out major modern repairs in them.
In the background, you can see a beautiful villa - the home of Pinchas Cohen - an employee of the Peak company. Nearby - a sign on the stone part of the fence, indicating the end of the border area of the Haifa port. These boundaries were laid down during the planning of the port by the English engineer Sir Palmer.
This is of the beautiful views of the bay and the city suburbs of Haifa - Krayot. These small towns emerged as workers' settlements around the port of Haifa - the engine of progress and development of English Palestine.
Fishers can be seen along the entire waterfront. They come to fish in shallow water; here, the Barbunia fish is found between the stones - small, nimble, and unusually tasty when served cooked with lemon and coriander.
The park was built on the donation of Igal Amster’s family. This way, the family decided to immortalize their son, who died in military duty for the State of Israel. But not only the fate of Igal but also the whole Amster family is interesting and tragic. In each generation, the Amster family lost one of their sons. In the 40s in the Arab riots in the English shipyards, then in the six-day war, and then during the Lebanese war.
This is the entrance to the lower station of the cableway. But this is not always the entrance. When many people are willing and need to somehow place a queue without exposing people to the sun, this entrance becomes only an exit. Still, to enter it, you need to go around the building and there, under a canopy of mono, carefully line up a line.
And here is the coveted entry - queuing.
The cable car was built in 1986 on the personal initiative of the then-mayor of the city, Mr. Gurevich. Unfortunately, Gurevich did not meet with support among the municipality members and was criticized for profligate. To which Gurevich said that he was pleased to spend money on the entertainment of citizens. In addition, he quoted from the utopian book of Theodor Herzl, the seer of the Jewish state, predicted the cable car in Haifa. For over forty years, it is almost the most famous entertainment for a resident of the city. The length of the entertainment is 355 meters.
A return ticket costs 35 NIS, one way - 25. All types of payments are accepted.
The Haifa Maritime Museum can be seen well below the cable car. There are two ships in it - one amphibious assault boat used as a vessel for rescuing Jewish refugees from Europe who survived World War II and another vessel - a military patrol ship.
The Cape of Carmel, on which the cable car goes up, is a steep ledge into the sea, creating the Haifa Bay. The name Carmel consists of two end Kerem (vineyards) and El - god.
The most prominent building in the Bat Galim quarter below is the white high-rise building, which houses the Rambam Hospital Faculty of Medicine. This is one of the prestigious medical schools in the country.
The upper cable car station exit leads us to the observation deck on the bay and the lower city.
The observation point is not such an observation. It sounds funny, but it is a fact. Ecutiel and Shmuel Federman - respected people, the founders of the Dan chain of hotels and one of the first local historians of Haifa and the whole country in general, decided to donate a dome, a speaking pedestal, and security fences to the observation site. As a result, the announcer was well heard, but the view is not seen well. But everything is fixable. On the veranda of the restaurant, the review is better.
In addition to the excellent view, the stairs descend to three floors of the upper cable car station, each restaurant. All restaurants are a mixture of Mediterranean cuisine and various local Arabic dishes.
The government of Chile donated this sculpture of the Madonna and Child to the city and the monastery of Stella Maris in 1894. It is claimed that the sculpture stands on a pedestal cast from the guns used during the civil war in Chile in 1891
A high pyramid stays in the middle of an alley that leads to the Stella Maris monastery. This monument was erected above the mass grave of Napoleon’s army soldiers. Napoleon was unable to capture the city of Acre, located on the opposite side of the bay, and retreated. By his way to Jaffa, he placed wounded and sick soldiers in the monastery. They died during the massacre perpetrated in the monastery by the soldiers of Al Jazzar - the Arab ruler of Acre, who withstood the siege of Napoleon.
The monastery became the site of the permanent residence of the Carmelite Order, founded during the crusades in the middle of the 13th century. The name of the order comes from the name of Mount Carmel. The Bible tells Elijah the Prophet fighting the pagan priests on Mount Carmel, during which the name of God was glorified. This biblical story is depicted on the emblem of the order - the hand of Elijah the prophet, squeezing a torch. Another depicted anchor and three six-pointed stars.
The church is dedicated to the Holy Virgin Mary - patroness of Mount Carmel and the monastery. The church towers over the cave of Elisha - the disciple of Elijah, the prophet. The name of a cave comes from the Middle Ages.
The architecture of the church is greek, even though it is a Catholic church. The dome rests on four supporting structures adorned with images of four evangelists. Stella Maris - the starfish is one of the titles of the Holy Virgin Mary, which has found its reflection in the medieval symbol of faith and intercession, especially among the shipping and travel.
Elijah the Prophet and the Holy Virgin are depicted on the doors.
The monastery includes a large private area and numerous parks, and alleys, designed for meditation. For example, a magnificent path runs along the entire slope, which offers a breathtaking view of Haifa Bay and the city of Acre.
A large park of flowering aloe is in this part of the monastery.
For a long time, the monks could not decide to make a toilet for visitors to pay. Finally, they decided to install a paid turnstile. Then they changed their mind and took off the turnstile. But you never know which solution will prevail. It is better to have a small coin in your pocket.
After visiting the monastery and the church is always nice to relax in the cafe of St. Mary. The cuisine claims to be Viennese and mores climes to be French, but the local style is revealed. However, a cup of great coffee from Julius Meinl will never be superfluous.
The path that leads us to the foot of the mountain and the cave of Elijah the Prophet has been used for almost the entire history of the monastery and the church. It was the road of the monks, along which cargo and goods rose to the hill. Since the monastery at the top of the mountain has never had water sources, this road is sometimes named the water pass.
This small chapel is called the chapel of the holy heart. It was built at the base of the former mill, which was never completed. The chapel is used for chants. Lyudmila Ulitskaya prominent nowadays Russian writer, wrote a wonderful book about Daniel Stein - the translator. It tells about the life of a Jew who survived the holocaust and converted to Christianity. Later he came to this monastery as a catholic monk and claimed Israeli citizenship as a Jew. The state denied Daniel citizenship because, by adopting Christianity, he ceased to be Jewish. But Daniels climes to separate the nationality and faith, although he knows that these issues are the same in Judaism. This story is based on real facts and events that took place here on Mount Carmel.
The trail continues its descent to the sea, and beautiful views open to us, as well as reminders of the events of World War II. Concrete structures along the way are British military fortifications.
The trail is partially carved into the rock, and special notches on the stone are visible on the flat steps. They are made to prevent slipping the hooves of mules and donkeys, loaded with baggage and water gallons. In addition, one can notice a carved chute intended for collecting rainwater and preserve it in a special cistern carved in the rock.
This part of the trail passes through a natural forest, full of bush and impassable thickets, which reliably protected the ascent of the mountain from the gangs of local robbers ridden along the roads.
The cave of Elijah the prophet is known as the venue of the worship of Elijah the prophet since the middle ages. Pilgrims and travelers mention it. According to the Bible, after Elijah defeated the priests of Baal, he was forced to hide from the wrath of the pagan rulers, including Isabella, the wife of the Jewish king. According to legend, Elijah the Prophet chose this cave for shelter.
The tale tells that it was here that the archangel Michael appeared to the prophet Elijah and told him how the end of the world would look.
For many believers, this place is a source of soul, the spirit of worship and prayer. Moreover, it is believed that being in a cave heals helps to find peace of mind.
Here is a beautiful path in the shade of ancient trees with a beautiful view of the sea and not by chance here you can meet people walking.
A few tens of meters of the walk is the entrance to the museum of the history of maritime and immigration. This is one of Haifa's most interesting and richest museums. Along with the sea navigation of the ancient Phoenicians, the history of modern Israeli navigation is presented.
This is a monument to the Israeli submarine Dakar. She was in the service of the British fleet, and in 1968 after reconstruction, she was acquired by the Israeli Navy and set sail from Portsmouth to the shores of Haifa. Unfortunately, under unexplained circumstances, the connection with the boat was lost, and she sank along with 69 crew members. Only 31 years later, in 1999, the remains of a sunken boat were discovered during stubborn searches, and part of the onboard hull was raised from a depth of about three kilometers and installed in the maritime museum in Haifa.