Places to visit in Vienna

From Cafe Mozart to the Hungarian House of the Blood Countess. My trip in Vienna of Sep 25, 2018.


Description: A short walk through the imperial Vienna. The Opera, the Royal Park, the palace of the Augsburg dynasty and the sinister history of the bloody countess Translated with Google Translate
Distance
2.2 km
Duration
1h 23 m
Likes
9
Places
26
1
Hotel Pension Suzanne
Hotel Pension Suzanne
Pension in a residential building. Occupies floor. Very cozy. Clean and tasty, and the location is just amazing - opposite the Opera and Plakhuta - one of the most delicious Viennese restaurants, where there is never “so-so” Translated with Google Translate
2
Dorotheum jewelry store
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Dorotheum Palace is one of the leading and oldest auction houses in the world and the largest in the German-speaking world. Back in 1707, the company was founded under Joseph I, the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in Vienna. The company holds about 600 auctions a year. Famous art fans and collectors from all over the world gather here. Branches and representative offices can be found throughout Europe, as well as in many capital cities: Brussels, Düsseldorf, London, Milan, Munich, Prague, Rome, Naples, Paris, Tel Aviv, Budapest and Beijing. Translated with Google Translate
3
Cafe mozart
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Cafe Mozart is one of the most ancient Viennese cafes. It opened in 1794 and then, only three years after the death of the great composer, it was not called that yet. But even then it was going to "Bohemia". Good traditions and the "correct" menu were created in 1929 in this place a cafe with a modern name. The most popular cafe gained in the late XIX century, when it became a meeting place for writers, musicians and actors. After World War II, when the center of Vienna for 10 years from 1945 to 1955 turned into a zone of joint occupation of the USSR, the USA, England and France, the famous British journalist and writer Graham Green worked in a cafe. Here he wrote the screenplay for the film "The Third Man", and the cafe appears in the episode of the picture. So, with Green's easy feed, Vienna became a recognizable symbol of various intelligence services of the world during the Cold War. Green himself was a resident of British intelligence since 1940 and was a close friend of Kim Philby, a double agent in Britain and the USSR. Philby died in Moscow and was buried in the Kuntsevo Cemetery. Today, Mozart Cafe serves Graeme Green’s “real” breakfast. It is possible and breakfast scout, but I advise you to do 3 things in a cafe: taste Viennese coffee, sit on a Viennese chair, and look through a Viennese newspaper. Translated with Google Translate
4
Memorial to the victims of war and fascism work
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Until 1945, the luxurious Philiphoff house stood at this place. Renting an apartment in Filpphof opposite the Opera House and the Albertina Gallery in the very center of Vienna was like living in Manhattan near Central Park. During the bombing of Vienna by the Allied forces in 1945, the building was completely destroyed and its ruins buried under them about 300 people. It was impossible to make out the debris and could not remove the bodies of all the victims. In 1947, when Mozart Grinn wrote his novel in a cafe, the Vienna city authorities decided to clear the square and create a memorial to the victims of war and fascism. This memorial consists of several compositions. One of them is a Jew kneeling and brushing the pavement of Vienna. That is how the Anschluss ended - the accession of Austria to the Third Reich in the spring of 1938. And it was from this that the victims of war and fascism began for the Austrians, only then did they not understand it yet. Translated with Google Translate
5
Helmut zilk square
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This square is named after Helmut Zilka. He was born in 1927. When he was 11 years old, the Nazis entered Vienna. Helmut was brought up on the Nazi ideology. During the war years, as a teenager, he wanted to join the ranks of the Hitler Youth. But Tsilka's father did not allow him to do this. After the war, Helmut went to another extreme and became a member of the Communist Party of Austria. And here Tslka's father objected. Only after graduating from university, Helmut found himself in the education system and began to understand the invaluable role that education plays. Tsilk began to promote education as a value, not as something that is given at the mercy of society or ideology, but as the core and basis of personality. Tsilk was the Minister of Education of Austria, and in 1984 became the mayor of Vienna. Tsilk strengthened ties with the state of Israel and created the Jewish Museum in the area of ​​the Vienna ghetto, a monument to the victims of the Holocaust. Tsilk created this square and its memorial. On December 5, 1993, Tsilk received a parcel, at the opening of which an explosion thundered, and he lost the fingers of his left hand. This parcel was sent to Tsilka by Franz Fuchs. He sent many similar messages to those who, in his opinion, retreated from the ideals of pure Austria and replaced the existence of national values ​​with the false ideals of liberalism. Four were killed at the hands of Fuchs and 15 people were maimed in the period from 1993 to 1997. In February 2000, Fuchs hanged himself in his cell in the prison of the city of Graz, where he was serving a life sentence, to which he was sentenced in 1999. Translated with Google Translate
6
Erzherzog Albrecht Denkmal
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Well, after the events of the 20th century, we are transferred to Austria’s golden age, plunge into its history and, of course, try to trace the dynastic upheavals of the Habsburg Dynasty of Europe’s longest-running family. Her last ruler was Emperor Franz Josef, he died during the First World War in 1916. Together with him went the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Habsburg dynasty and the old world. He ruled for almost 70 years and his rule covered the entire second half of the 19th century. He was a contemporary of the English Queen Victoria and the Russian emperors Alexander of the second and third. He personified stability and calm. Someone might jokingly say: Austrian Brezhnev. If we compare the eyebrows of the general secretary and the sideburns of the emperor, then there is a similarity, of course. And Franz Josef's great-grandmother was Maria Theresa (not to be confused with Maria Theresa). She was born in Vienna at the beginning of the XVIII century in 1717. The year when Peter the Great was in Paris and studied the construction of fountains in order to apply the case in Peterhof Palace. Speaking of Paris. Maria Theresia’s daughter, Marie Antoinette, was the very wife of the French king, who was beheaded with her husband during the French Revolution. Maria Theresa also had 15 children. 11 daughters and 6 sons. Six children died either in infancy, or not leaving heirs. But, two sons became emperors, and daughters made up the most profitable parties in many European courts. Only Maria Cristina begged her mother to marry her cousin Albert, the son of the King of Poland and Prince of Lithuania. It was a marriage of love and the young lived in prosperity all their lives. True, they had no children. Albert regularly served as governor of the Netherlands (this country went to the Habsburg after the division of the Spanish inheritance), where the family lived in Brussels, having built the Laken Palace (the current residence of the Belgian king). Then Albert was governor in Hungary, living in Bratislava (60 km from Vienna). And in Vienna itself, here, on the site of the old fortifications (Augustinerbastei), Albert fell from the mother-in-law to the administrative building of the former court. It was rebuilt by Maria Theresa’s adviser and architect, Emanuel Silva Taruhi, son of the former Portuguese ambassador to Vienna. Here lies the beloved son-in-law with a daughter, closer to the Hofburg Palace. Christine and Albert had no children, their property passed to their adopted son, and Albert bequeathed the richest art gallery to Vienna, and the city began to call it Albertina with gratitude, and installed an equestrian statue of Albert on the old barbican. Translated with Google Translate
7
Vienna State Opera
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Vienna Opera. One can hardly imagine Vienna without remembering its famous opera house. Remember Franz Josef? It was in his reign, it was decided to demolish the walls, to clear the territory and in their place lay wide and convenient traffic arteries. So Ringing appeared in Vienna — circles circling the old city and creating a convenient and fast connection to the new city. By the way, following the example of Vienna, many cities in the Austro-Hungarian Empire went, for example, Krakow. On the wide streets began to walk horseback, which then will be replaced by trams. And for architects, a new indescribable front of work appeared and, in 1861, the building of the Court Opera was laid. The building was designed by several architects, but the tone was set by Edward van der Nüll, a professor at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, an eclecticist (in the common people: picking up everything beautiful). The grand opening took place on May 25, 1869 with Mozart’s Don Giovanni opera. The opening was attended by Emperor Franz Yosif himself and Empress Elizabeth (Amalia Yevgenia of Bavaria - charming Sisi), but only neither Van der Nylll nor his co-author August Zikard von Zikardsburg did not live to see it. Their creation, even long before the first submission, criticized the public. The building was called the sinking box. It had no front stairs and only a few steps separated it from the road. But the architect was most offended by comparing his creation with the defeat of Austria near Sadovaya in the Czech Republic. This event took place in the summer of 1866 during the Austro-Prussian Won, when in just 6 weeks Austria permanently lost influence in Germany and Italy. On April 4, 1868, Van der Nüll hanged himself in the building of his theater, and after 10 weeks his colleague Zikardsburg died of tuberculosis. These events shocked the public so much that even Franz Josef called on critics to be more careful in their statements, and now he himself adhered to the same phrase in everything that relates to art: "It was beautiful and I was very pleased" Well, wasn’t Brezhnev? Translated with Google Translate
8
Statue des Abraham a Sancta Clara
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A little less than a hundred years before the birth of Maria Theresa and the disappointed exclamation of her father, Emperor Charles VI: "This is just a girl!" in Vienna, a certain Abraham from Santa Clara was known at court. He was born in 1644, in the year when a pupil of Galileo Galilei invented a barometer, and the teacher himself had been dead for two years, having gone from life, and had not proved to the whole world that the earth was spinning around the sun. Abraham from Santa Clara was a court preacher. He had the reputation of being clever, caustic and sarcastic. The pseudonym itself is worth: Abraham from Santa Clara. It is believed that he was imitated by local priests in all the Austro-Hungarian cities and villages, and eventually even a special Austro-Hungarian style was formed. Perhaps he left his mark on the way of thinking and attitude to life. Spiteful sarcasm mixed with pensive contemplation. What only is the most outstanding follower of this style, who worked at the turn of the imperial XIX and the treacherous XX centuries - Yaroslav Hasek. Hans Shvatte - the sculptor of this monument created it in 1928, when, almost 10 years after the collapse of the empire, awareness of events and processes that seemed so natural in its time began to come. Translated with Google Translate
9
Burggarten
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Garden and butterflies gallery, located in the park Burggarten (City Park). It was created in Vienna in the first half of the XIX century on the site of the so-called Viennese Glasis. Glacis is a gentle earthen mound in front of the outer moat of the fortress. Vienna was surrounded by a double ring of fortress walls from the 13th century. Citizens from time to time settled between them, but after the Siege of Vienna by the Turks in 1683 (under the rule of Leopold - the great-grandfather of Maria Theresa and his court preacher Abraham from Santa Clara), it was decided to clear the territory and keep it open for a more successful defense of the city in the future. Only at the beginning of the XIX century, after the Napoleonic wars, this territory was allotted for the imperial garden. Like the Volksgarten (Volksgarten - People’s Park), Burggarten was also planned by Ludwig Gabriel von Remy with the personal participation of the Emperor Franz. Remy went down in history with his pediment of the Cathedral in Esztergom (Hungary) and Franz went down in history by abolishing the Holy Roman Empire. He was the Emperor and married his sworn enemy Napoleon Bonaparte to his daughter Maria Luisa (the niece of Marie Antouanettey married her nunned enemy Napoleon Bonaparte) time of revolution). Franz, having abandoned the Holy Roman Empire, founded the Austrian and retained the dynasty, and he made him the Emperor of France by marrying his daughter with a Corsican. Maybe this is why he so hated liberalism and so hopelessly doomed his grandson Franz Yosif for the course of the waves of liberalism until the complete collapse of the reefs of revolution and terror - unchangeable friends of the First World War. Translated with Google Translate
10
Palm greenhouse
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In 1881, Franz Yosif ordered the expansion of the Hofburg Palace and adjacent territories in order to conduct lush imperial ceremonies. For the largest in the history of the imperial forum, naturally, a place was chosen to the south of the historic Hofbugra. Before us is the reverse side of the west wing of the new palace, facing the imperial garden. Today it houses the national library and several museums. One of them is the largest collection of knightly armor and weapons in the world. The other is the museum of musical instruments. In the same year, in March, the Russian Emperor Alexander II was mortally wounded on the embankment of the Ekaterininsky Canal in St. Petersburg. His brother Alexander III will become the emperor of the Russian empire, and the murder of Franz Yosif’s nephew Ferdinand in 1914 will lead to the reorganization of the world. Translated with Google Translate
11
Burggarten
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Like the Volksgarten (Volksgarten - People’s Park), Burggarten was also planned by Ludwig Gabriel von Remy with the personal participation of the Emperor Franz. Remy went down in history with his pediment of the Cathedral in Esztergom (Hungary) and Franz went down in history by abolishing the Holy Roman Empire. He was the Emperor and married his sworn enemy Napoleon Bonaparte to his daughter Maria Luisa (the niece of Marie Antouanettey married her nunned enemy Napoleon Bonaparte) time of revolution). Franz, having abandoned the Holy Roman Empire, founded the Austrian and retained the dynasty, and he made him the Emperor of France by marrying his daughter with a Corsican. Maybe this is why he so hated liberalism and so hopelessly doomed his grandson Franz Yosif for the course of the waves of liberalism until the complete collapse of the reefs of revolution and terror - unchangeable friends of the First World War. Translated with Google Translate
12
Papyrus Collection and Papyrus Museum Vienna
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Before us is the reverse side of the west wing of the new palace, facing the imperial garden. Today it houses the national library and several museums. One of them is the largest collection of knightly armor and weapons in the world. The other is the museum of musical instruments. In the same year, in March, the Russian Emperor Alexander II was mortally wounded on the embankment of the Ekaterininsky Canal in St. Petersburg. His brother Alexander III will become the emperor of the Russian empire, and the murder of Franz Yosif’s nephew Ferdinand in 1914 will lead to the reorganization of the world. Translated with Google Translate
13
Franz Stephan von Lothringen Statue
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So, the Habsburg dynasty begins to manifest itself. Maria Theresa, we already know and remember. And this is her husband Franz Stefan. It was after his death that she became empress, who gained fame, often greater than many emperors. The equestrian statue of Franz Stefan was created by sculptor Valtasar Ferdinand Jr. He was born in Innsbruck the same year that Maria Theresa was born. He was the court sculptor of the Habsburgs, and his sculpture of Franz Stephan on horseback is considered the first equestrian sculpture in Austria. Translated with Google Translate
14
Mozart Monument, Vienna
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Monument Mozart moved to the park in 1953 from Albert Square. There he stood since 1896, as it should be to the writer Don Jovan, opposite the Vienna Opera. The monument is made of one of the hardest grades of marble. Lasser marble, mined in the mountains of the southern Tirle in the Italian Alps, near the Bolzano-Innsbruck route. This white marble is little influenced by water and the sun and the beauty of the stone continues to shine even now, despite the fact that it is more than 120 years old. The sculptor was Victor Oskar Tilgner. He died young in the year of the creation of the monument at the age of only 52 years. And Mozart was only 35. Translated with Google Translate
15
Äußeres Burgtor
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This gate leads onto Heldenplatz Square - Heroes Square. This is precisely that famous imperial forum, the order for the construction of which was signed in 1881 by Franz Yosif. The most famous and notorious was the speech of Adolf Hitler, delivered by him here on March 15, 1938 after the Anschluss of Austria. In 2008, the year of the 70th anniversary of Anschluss and Hitler's speech, a ceremony was held on the square, called the Night of Silence. When people gathered in the square at night and lit 80 thousand candles in memory of the victims of fascism. Of the mentioned 80 thousand victims, 65 thousand candles were lit in memory from 65 thousand Jews. It is noteworthy that in Austria it is not customary to talk about the victims of Nazism. Here, as in the former USSR countries, the terminology of fascism is used. Translated with Google Translate
16
Prince Eugen - The Horseman Statue
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As relies on the forum of heroes, it will be about heroes. Before us is the famous Eugene of Savoy. It is not related to the Habsburg dynasty. Eugene comes from a noble family of rulers of Savoy (Locality in the south-east of France and the Piedmont region in Italy). He was born in Paris. His mother was Olympia Mancini, the niece of Cardinal Mazarin. After Olympia’s tumultuous romance with Louis XIV-Korol the sun, and the suspicion of the poisoning case, she safely left the city and more than her beauty and frivolous disposition did not threaten any Parisian woman. By the way, thanks to her, the hairstyle a la Mancini entered the history of hairdressing. This is when the parting part spreads the hair on two sides, and, magnificently whipped over the temples, they descend on the shoulders of curled locks. The son of Olympia Eugene went to war with the Turks and it was there that he gained fame through the ages. Thanks to him, Vienna was saved in 1683 (remember the times of the great-grandfather Maria Theresa and his preacher Abraham?) Eugene of Savoy went down in history as the savior of Europe from the Muslim conquest. Squares, frigates, military units are named after him. In Vienna, he is a national hero. By the way, Anna Austrians, the mother of Louis XIV, did not like his mother more than anyone. Louis reigned 72 years old, died from gangrene of the leg, because he believed that amputation was below royal dignity and did not leave a single direct heir after him. Translated with Google Translate
17
Schweizertor
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Hofburg Palace - the main residence of the Austrian monarchs. This is the entrance to a small portico that leads through the various rooms to the main part of the palace - facing the opposite side to Archangel Michael Square and Kolmarkt Street - leading to the old town. On one of the walls, the Austrians placed different memories of the times of the occupation of the USSR after the Second World War. Looks like helpless banter with elements of prudent caution. Translated with Google Translate
18
Petit Point Maria Stransky
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In a place where cute designer men's fashion stores are located along the corridor, the oldest parts of the palace are located. They are called the Swiss Court and date back to the 13th century. They were built by the last ruler of the Babenberg family or Ottacar II, the king of Bohemia. Before that, the castle of the Austrian rulers was located on the square called “Am Hof”, which is located near Shottenstein (the Scottish monastery). Translated with Google Translate
19
Hofburg
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The most elegant and famous wing of the Hofburg Palace with the famous rotunda with a green dome, called the wing of St. Michael. This part of the palace was planned by Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach, a Viennese architect of the early 17th century. It serves as a link between the winter riding school and the wing of the Imperial Chancellery. However, since the building of the former Imperial Theater (Burgtheater) stood in this direction, these plans remained unfulfilled, until Ferdinand Kirchner built this part of the palace from 1889 to 1893, using a slightly modified plan. After the construction of the Mikhailovsky Square was completed, two sculptural fountains were installed on the façade of the wing: Rudolf Weir's Power to the Sea and Edmund Hellmer's Power on the Ground. The wing is named after the church of St. Michael on the opposite side. Translated with Google Translate
20
Historic Center of Vienna
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On the square of the Archangel Michael in front of the Hofburg Palace there are Roman ruins. It is part of the city of Vindobond, founded by the Romans in the province of Norik on the banks of the Danube. It was along the Danube that the border of the empire with the Germanic tribes passed. Vindobond named the city of Vienna. Here in this Roman camp he died in 190 AD. one of the wisest Roman emperors, Marcus Aurelius, the philosopher and representative of Stoicism. Translated with Google Translate
21
Church of St. Michael
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The Church of St. Michael (German Michaelerkirche) is one of the oldest churches in Vienna, as well as one of the few preserved Romanesque buildings. Once the church of St. Michael, dedicated to the Archangel Michael, was the parish church of the Imperial Court, then it was called Zum Heiligen Michael. During its long history spanning over eight centuries, the church has undergone a restructuring that led to a mixture of architectural styles. Translated with Google Translate
22
Spanische hofreitschule wien
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Stallburg is a Renaissance building between Josefsplatz and Mayplattsts. This is part of the Hofburg Palace. Initially, it housed the living quarters of the Archduke Maximilian, later the Emperor Maximilian II. They were built in the years 1558-1565. From 1659 to 1776, Archduke Leopold Wilhelm placed his art collection in Stoburg. It will form the core of the later Kunsthistorisches Museum. Later, the building became the Imperial stable, in which the imperial horses lived, and even today it is still used by the Spanish riding school (Spanische Hofreitschule). Translated with Google Translate
23
Kaisers Statue von Joseph II
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In the center of the Josefsplatz square there is an equestrian statue of Emperor Joseph II. It was erected by sculptor Franz Anton von Sauner between 1795 and 1807. The statue of the emperor was modeled on the statue of Marcus Aurelius on Capitoline Hill in Rome and was commissioned by Emperor Francis II, who from 16 years was brought up by Uncle Joseph II, the son of Maria Theresa, who advocated extensive liberal reforms. The image of Joseph II as a Roman conqueror, dressed in a toga and with a laurel wreath, reflects the deep faith of the Habsburgs that they were descendants of ancient Roman emperors. The area is bordered by an ensemble of buildings that are part of the Hofburg Palace. They contain the main part of the Austrian National Library. In addition to its library function, the building has excellent acoustics. Translated with Google Translate
24
Ungarisches Haus (Hungarian House)
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Here in the house on the corner of Augustinerstrasse and Dorotheergasse, opposite the memorial plaque to Jan Sobeisky, is the most sinister house in Vienna. Here, at the turn of the 17th century, she periodically lived in the house of her husband, Elizabeth Bathory, the "Bloody Countess." Her name is indicated in the Guinness Book of Records as the name of the most prolific murderer of a woman of all times and peoples. They claim that she allegedly tortured and killed more than 600 virgins to drink and bathe in their blood, believing that it would preserve her youth and beauty. Some historians believe that these accusations were fabricated to slander a powerful woman, but the number of evidence against her, as well as Bathory's own confessions, make her history believable. The nearby markets of the city served as a hunting ground for the servant Bathory Fitchko, who played an important role in ensuring a constant flow of young maids for the countess. With the promise of food, shelter, comfort and safety, young women were offered to serve as a mysterious countess. At night, strange noises were often heard from this house, although no one dared to ask a noble woman what was happening in her house. Over time, bullying and murder passed into the Batori country residence, where she could freely torture her victims and exude their blood to bathe in her. By the way, stories about blood and bathing were later recognized as fictional. At the same time, the corpses and exhausted victims were found in her Čachtice castle, where she was taken under arrest. The power and influence of the Batory family (relatives of the Polish king Stefan Batory) managed to avoid the trial of Elizabeth, but she was immured in her castle’s room, where she died 4 years later. To this day, the place is gloomy and not pleasant. Translated with Google Translate
25
Albertinaplatz
Albertinaplatz
So we completed the circle at the beautiful Albertina. Translated with Google Translate
26
Cafe mozart
Cafe mozart
In the evenings, Mozart Cafe serves wine, desserts and offers visitors a special coffee card. Translated with Google Translate
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